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, En cas de succès, cela permettra de justifier des investissements importants qui permettront d'envisager des applications plus ambitieuses. À l'inverse, un échec de la première génération d'ordinateurs quantiques pourrait provoquer un désintérêt et un « hiver quantique ». La période actuelle est donc particulièrement intéressante pour la recherche en architecture sur les ordinateurs quantiques, des ordinateurs quantiques sur des applications de niche

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