Self-organized Disaster Management System by Distributed Deployment of Connected UAVs

Yann Busnel 1 Christelle Caillouet 2 David Coudert 2
2 COATI - Combinatorics, Optimization and Algorithms for Telecommunications
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , Laboratoire I3S - COMRED - COMmunications, Réseaux, systèmes Embarqués et Distribués
Abstract : Providing network services access anytime and anywhere is nowadays a critical issue, especially in disaster emergency situations. A natural response to such a need is the use of autonomous flying drones to help finding survivors and provide network connectivity to the rescue teams. We propose VESPA, a distributed algorithm using only one-hop information of the drones, to discover targets with unknown location and auto-organize themselves to ensure connectivity between them and the sink in a multi-hop aerial wireless network. We prove that connectivity, termination and coverage are preserved during all stages of our algorithm, and we evaluate the algorithm performances through simulations. Comparison with a prior work shows the efficiency of VESPA both in terms of discovered targets and number of used drones.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 5, 2019 - 4:19:10 PM
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Yann Busnel, Christelle Caillouet, David Coudert. Self-organized Disaster Management System by Distributed Deployment of Connected UAVs. ICT-DM 2019 - 6th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies for Disaster Management, Dec 2019, Paris, France. ⟨hal-02349396⟩

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