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, There is a maximum correlation of dissimilarity with Tmin 775 (and, for most size fractions, of dissimilarity with nutrients) for Tmin <~1.5 years, but the correlation between 776 dissimilarity and temperature does not display a similar maximum, Correlations for pairs of Tara Oceans samples separated by a minimum travel time less than the value of Tmin 772 on the x axis. Tmin >1.5 years is shaded in grey, pp.180-777

, but for larger plankton, correlations were 779 stronger with temperature variations for Tmin beyond ~1.5 years. c and e, Partial correlations to estimate the 780 independent effects of Tmin and environmental distances on ?-diversity. Left panels: controlling for differences 781 in temperature and for differences in NO2NO3, PO4 and Fe; middle and right panels: controlling for Tmin. Partial 782 correlations do not affect the maximum correlation of dissimilarity with Tmin for Tmin <~1.5 years. f, Correlation 783 of geographic distance (without traversing land) with metagenomic dissimilarity for pairs of Tara Oceans 784 samples, µm (orange) size fractions from a, to highlight that for smaller plankton, correlations with differences in 778 nutrient concentrations were stronger for Tmin up to ~1.5 years

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