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Meteorological Data-Based Optimal Control Strategy for Microalgae Cultivation in Open Pond Systems

Riccardo De-Luca 1, 2 Fabrizio Bezzo 3 Quentin Béchet 4 Olivier Bernard 4
1 BIOCORE - Biological control of artificial ecosystems
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, LOV - Laboratoire d'océanographie de Villefranche
4 BIOCORE - Biological control of artificial ecosystems
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , LOV - Laboratoire d'océanographie de Villefranche, INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement
Abstract : Outdoor biofuel production from microalgae is a complex dynamical process submitted to climatic variations. Controlling andoptimizing such a nonlinear process strongly influenced by weather conditions is therefore tricky, but it is crucial to make thisprocess economically sustainable. The strategy investigated in this study uses weather forecast coupled to a detailed predictivemodel of algal productivity for online optimization of the rates of fresh medium injection and culture removal into and from thepond. This optimization strategy was applied at various climatic conditions and significantly increased productivity compared to astandard operation with constant pond depth and dilution rate, by up to a factor of 2.2 in a Mediterranean climate in summer. Athorough analysis of the optimizer strategy revealed that the increase of productivity in summer was achieved by finding a trade-off between algal concentration to optimally distribute light and pond temperature to get closer to optimal growth temperature.This study also revealed that maintaining the temperature as high as possible is the best strategy to maximize productivity in coldclimatic conditions
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Riccardo De-Luca, Fabrizio Bezzo, Quentin Béchet, Olivier Bernard. Meteorological Data-Based Optimal Control Strategy for Microalgae Cultivation in Open Pond Systems. Complexity, Wiley, 2019, 2019, pp.1-12. ⟨10.1155/2019/4363895⟩. ⟨hal-02427401⟩

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