M. Warschauer and T. Matuchniak, New Technology and Digital Worlds: Analyzing Evidence of Equity in Access, Use, and Outcomes, Rev. Res. Educ, vol.34, issue.1, pp.179-225, 2010.

C. B. Jensen and P. Lauritsen, Reading digital denmark: IT reports as material-semiotic actors, Sci. Technol. Hum. Values, 2005.

M. Lightfoot, Education reform for the knowledge economy in the state of Sangon, Compare, vol.45, issue.5, pp.705-726, 2015.

N. Law, W. J. Pelgrum, and T. Plomp, Pedagogy and ICT use in schools around the world: Findings from the IEA SITES 2006 study, 2008.

R. Sutherland, Transforming teaching and learning: Embedding ICT into everyday classroom practices, J. Comput. Assist. Learn, 2004.

M. W. Apple, Are We Wasting Money on Computers in Schools?, Educ. Policy, 2004.

L. Cuban, New Technologies in Old Universities, 2001.

T. Monahan, Globalization, Technological Change, and Public Education, 2005.

R. Stamboliyska, Information technologies and education in the Arab World, Nat. Middle East, 2013.

N. Selwyn, , 2012.

E. Calhoun and N. Calhoun, Using Technology to Shift Education Paradigms in Low-Resource Environments, Stab. Int. J. Secur. Dev, vol.3, issue.1, p.21, 2014.

E. Thibeault, Décryptage de l ' usage des TIC au Burkina-Faso et en République démocratique du Congo Accès , pratiques et compétences des étudiants ICT ' s use a alysis i Bu ki a -Faso and Democratic Republic of Congo Access , practices and students competences, vol.4071, pp.1-20, 2013.

F. O. Bankole and L. Mimbi, ICT Infrastructure and It's Impact on National Development: A Research Direction for Africa, African J. Inf. Syst, vol.9, issue.2, p.77, 2017.

J. M. Luiz, Institutions and economic performance: Implications for African development, J. Int. Dev, 2009.

D. Acemoglu and J. A. Robinson, Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity and Poverty, 2012.

A. Chong and C. Calderón, Causality and feedback between institutional measures and economic growth, Econ. Polit, 2000.

E. Tebaldi and R. Mohan, Institutions and poverty, J. Dev. Stud, 2010.

J. C. Anyanwu, Factors affecting economic growth in Africa: Are there any lessons from China?, African Dev. Rev, 2014.

A. G. Mijiyawa, Africa's recent economic growth: What are the contributing factors?, African Dev. Rev, 2013.

D. K. Manda and S. Mwakubo, Institutions and service delivery in Africa: An overview, J. Afr. Econ, vol.22, issue.SUPPLEMENT2, pp.4-15, 2013.

M. P. Blimpo, R. Harding, and L. Wantchekon, Public Investment in Rural Infrastructure: Some Political Economy Considerations, J. Afr. Econ, vol.22, issue.2, pp.57-83, 2013.

B. Oecd and . Skills, Better Jobs, Better Lives A Strategic Approach to Skills Policies, 2012.

O. Valiente, The OECD skills strategy and the education agenda for development, Int. J. Educ. Dev, 2014.

T. W. Schultz, Invest in Human Capital, Amercian Econ. Rev, vol.51, 1961.


G. S. Becker, Human Capital: The concise encyclopedia of economics, 1964.

E. A. Hanushek and L. Woessmann, Do better schools lead to more growth? Cognitive skills, economic outcomes, and causation, J. Econ. Growth, 2012.

C. Pade-khene, B. Mallinson, and D. Sewry, Sustainable rural ICT project management practice for developing countries: Investigating the Dwesa and RUMEP projects, Inf. Technol. Dev, vol.17, issue.3, pp.187-212, 2011.

O. Hietanen, Indicators of sustainable development, Futura, vol.21, issue.2, pp.6-7, 2002.

T. Bold and J. Svensson, Policies and Institutions for Effective Service Delivery: The Need of a Microeconomic and Micropolitical Approach, J. Afr. Econ, vol.22, issue.2, pp.16-38, 2013.

S. Knack and P. Keefer, Institutions And Economic Performance: Cross-Country Tests Using Alternative Institutional Measures, Econ. Polit, 1995.

M. Olson, The Rise and Decline of Nations: Economic Growth, Stagflation, and Social Rigidities, 2008.

R. J. Barro, Economic Growth in a Cross-section of Nations, Q. J. Econ, 1991.

P. Mauro, Corruption and Growth, Q. J. Econ, 1995.

P. Keefer and S. Knack, Why don't poor countries catch up? A cross-national test of an institutional explanation, Econ. Inq, 1997.

P. R. Lane and A. Tornell, Power, Growth, and the Voracity Effect, J. Econ. Growth, 1996.

M. Nissanke and E. Thorbecke, Introduction: Globalization-Poverty Channels and Case Studies from Sub-Saharan Africa, African Dev. Rev, 2008.

A. Diop, G. Dufrénot, and G. Sanon, Is per capita growth in Africa Hampered by poor governance and weak institutions? An empirical study on the ECOWAS countries, African Dev. Rev, 2010.

S. Mcgrath, Vocational education and training for development: A policy in need of a theory?, Int. J. Educ. Dev, vol.32, issue.5, pp.623-631, 2012.