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Faster and Less Error-Prone: Supplementing an Accessible Keyboard with Speech Input

Abstract : Swarachakra is an Abugida text input keyboard available in 12 Indian languages. We enhanced an accessible version of Swarachakra Marathi with speech input. However, speech input could be error-prone, and especially so for languages where speech recognition technologies are new. Such errors could either slow the user down due to the need for editing, or go unnoticed, leading to high uncorrected error rates. We therefore conducted a within-subject empirical study to compare the user performance of keyboard-only input method with keyboard+speech input method with 11 novice visually impaired users. We found that keyboard+speech input was almost 11 times faster, reaching 182 characters per minute, and had a lower uncorrected error rate than the keyboard-only input, and in spite of having higher corrected error rates. Though we used a wide variety of phrases in our study, we observed that all phrases were faster on average with the keyboard+speech input method. To the best of our knowledge, ours is the first empirical study to evaluate the performance of speech enabled text input in Marathi for visually impaired people. This is the highest reported speed by visually impaired users in any Indian language.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 16, 2020 - 2:28:33 PM
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Bhakti Bhikne, Anirudha Joshi, Manjiri Joshi, Charudatta Jadhav, Prabodh Sakhardande. Faster and Less Error-Prone: Supplementing an Accessible Keyboard with Speech Input. 17th IFIP Conference on Human-Computer Interaction (INTERACT), Sep 2019, Paphos, Cyprus. pp.288-304, ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-29381-9_18⟩. ⟨hal-02544545⟩

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