B. Abraham and R. I. Davidson, A best space for assisted wheelchair users, British Journal of Occupational Therapy, vol.80, pp.163-172, 2017.

B. B. Abraham, A novel four-caster manual vehicle manoeuvring investigation: Higher loading-weights require larger turning spaces, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, vol.229, pp.403-416, 2015.

P. Andersson and P. Ivehammar, Cost Benefit Analysis of Dynamic Route Planning at Sea, Transportation Research Procedia, vol.14, pp.193-202, 2016.


L. Beale, Mapping for wheelchair users: Route navigation in urban spaces, The Cartographic Journal, vol.43, pp.68-81, 2006.

M. L. Boninger, Manual wheelchair pushrim biomechanics and axle position. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, vol.81, pp.608-613, 2000.

Y. O. Choi, Effects of ramp slope on physiological characteristic and performance time of healthy adults propelling and pushing wheelchairs, vol.27, pp.7-9, 2015.

Z. Fang, An artificial bee colony-based multi-objective route planning algorithm for use in pedestrian navigation at night, International Journal of Geographical Information Science, vol.31, pp.2020-2044, 2017.


J. E. Froehlich, Grand challenges in accessible maps. interactions, 2019.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02048705

Y. Garcia-mendez, Health risks of vibration exposure to wheelchair users in the community. The journal of spinal cord medicine, vol.36, pp.365-375, 2013.

G. Gartner, Human-centred mobile pedestrian navigation systems. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Geographischen Gesellschaft, vol.153, pp.237-250, 2011.

K. Hara, Combining crowdsourcing and google street view to identify streetlevel accessibility problems, Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on human factors in computing systems, pp.631-640, 2013.

K. Hara, The design of assistive location-based technologies for people with ambulatory disabilities: A formative study, Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp.1757-1768, 2016.

C. Holloway and N. Tyler, A micro-level approach to measuring the accessibility of footways for wheelchair users using the Capability Model. Transportation planning and technology, vol.36, pp.636-649, 2013.

T. Ishida, Evaluation of sidewalk unevenness based on wheelchair traveling resistance, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, pp.68-75, 1956.

T. Ishikawa, Wayfinding with a GPS-based mobile navigation system: A comparison with maps and direct experience, Journal of Environmental Psychology, vol.28, pp.74-82, 2008.

Y. Iwasawa, Combining Human Action Sensing of Wheelchair Users and Machine Learning for Autonomous Accessibility Data Collection, IEICE Transactions on Information and Systems, vol.99, pp.1153-1161, 2016.

Y. Iwasawa and I. E. Yairi, Life-logging of wheelchair driving on web maps for visualizing potential accidents and incidents. In: Pacific Rim International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pp.157-169, 2012.

R. Kirkham, Build Me a Ubicomp: Bespoke Ubiquitous Accessibility in Live Television Production Environments. Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing, vol.19, pp.853-880, 2015.

R. Kirkham, WheelieMap: An Exploratory System for Qualitative Reports of Inaccessibility in the Built Environment, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services, p.38, 2017.

C. Maltais, Assessment of geometric and mechanical parameters in wheelchair seating: a variability study, IEEE Transactions on Rehabilitation Engineering, vol.7, pp.91-98, 1999.

H. Matthews, Modelling Access with GIS in Urban Systems (MAGUS): capturing the experiences of wheelchair users, Area, vol.35, pp.34-45, 2003.

B. D. Meyer and W. K. Mok, Disability, earnings, income and consumption, Journal of Public Economics, 2018.

A. Mobasheri, Wheelmap: The wheelchair accessibility crowdsourcing platform. Open Geospatial Data, Software and Standards, vol.2, p.27, 2017.

Q. Mourcou, Wegoto: A Smartphone-based approach to assess and improve accessibility for wheelchair users, IEEE EMBS 2013, pp.1194-1197, 2013.

C. Munteanu, Situational Ethics: Re-thinking Approaches to Formal Ethics Requirements for Human-Computer Interaction, CHI 2015, pp.105-114, 2015.

P. Neis, Measuring the reliability of wheelchair user route planning based on volunteered geographic information, Transactions in GIS, vol.19, pp.188-201, 2015.

P. Neis and D. Zielstra, Generation of a tailored routing network for disabled people based on collaboratively collected geodata, Applied Geography, vol.47, pp.70-77, 2014.

. Newdisability, Wheelchair Statistics: How Many Wheelchair Users Are There

S. Nowak and S. Rüger, How reliable are annotations via crowdsourcing: a study about inter-annotator agreement for multi-label image annotation, Proceedings of the international conference on Multimedia information retrieval, pp.557-566, 2010.

R. Panko, The Popularity of Google Maps: Trends in Navigation Apps, 2018.

J. Parkin and N. Smithies, Accounting for the needs of blind and visually impaired people in public realm design, Journal of Urban Design, vol.17, pp.135-149, 2012.

E. Quah and J. Haldane, Cost-benefit analysis, Routledge, 2007.

S. Blair-goldensohn, A better world for wheels on Google Maps, 2017.

T. Shirabe, A method for finding a least-cost wide path in raster space, International Journal of Geographical Information Science, vol.30, pp.1469-1485, 2016.

E. M. Smith, Prevalence of wheelchair and scooter use among communitydwelling Canadians, Physical therapy, vol.96, pp.1135-1142, 2016.

M. Socharoentum and H. A. Karimi, Multi-modal transportation with multi-criteria walking (MMT-MCW): Personalized route recommender. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, vol.55, pp.44-54, 2016.

B. Tannert and J. Schöning, Disabled, but at what cost?: an examination of wheelchair routing algorithms, Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services, p.46, 2018.

E. Trefler and S. Taylor, Prescription and positioning: evaluating the physically disabled individual for wheelchair seating, Prosthetics and Orthotics International, vol.15, pp.217-224, 1991.

M. Verhoef, High prevalence of incontinence among young adults with spina bifida: description, prediction and problem perception, Spinal Cord, vol.43, p.331, 2005.

T. Völkel and G. Weber, RouteCheckr: Personalized Multicriteria Routing for Mobility Impaired Pedestrians, ASSETS 2008, pp.185-192, 2008.

J. A. Ward, Performance Metrics for Activity Recognition. ACM Trans. Intell. Syst. Technol, vol.2, p.23, 2011.


S. Winter, Modeling costs of turns in route planning, GeoInformatica, vol.6, pp.345-361, 2002.

E. Wolf, Vibration exposure of individuals using wheelchairs over sidewalk surfaces, Disability and Rehabilitation, vol.27, pp.1443-1449, 2005.

. Axs-map,

, Euan's Guide -Disabled Access Reviews

, KDS Smartwheelchair

, NHS Wheelchair Services Statistics

. Openrouteservice,

. Photoroute,