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Journal Articles Information Sciences Year : 2020

SOAP: Semantic Outliers Automatic Preprocessing

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Abstract

Genetic Programming (GP) is an evolutionary algorithm for the automatic generation of symbolic models expressed as syntax trees. GP has been successfully applied in many domain, but most research in this area has not considered the presence of outliers in the training set. Outliers make supervised learning problems difficult, and sometimes impossible, to solve. For instance, robust regression methods cannot handle more than 50% of outlier contamination, referred to as their breakdown point. This paper studies problems where outlier contamination is high, reaching up to 90% contamination levels, extreme cases that can appear in some domains. This work shows, for the first time, that a random population of GP individuals can detect outliers in the output variable. From this property, a new filtering algorithm is proposed called Semantic Outlier Automatic Preprocessing (SOAP), which can be used with any learning algorithm to differentiate between inliers and outliers. Since the method uses a GP population, the algorithm can be carried out for free in a GP symbolic regression system. The approach is the only method that can perform such an automatic cleaning of a dataset without incurring an exponential cost as the percentage of outliers in the dataset increases.
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Dates and versions

hal-02551161 , version 1 (22-04-2020)

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Leonardo Trujillo, Uriel Lopez, Pierrick Legrand. SOAP: Semantic Outliers Automatic Preprocessing. Information Sciences, 2020, 526 (81-101), pp.20. ⟨10.1016/j.ins.2020.03.071⟩. ⟨hal-02551161⟩

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