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Artificial Intelligence and Mechanistic Modeling for Clinical Decision Making in Oncology

Sébastien Benzekry 1, 2
1 MONC - Modélisation Mathématique pour l'Oncologie
IMB - Institut de Mathématiques de Bordeaux, Institut Bergonié [Bordeaux], Inria Bordeaux - Sud-Ouest
Abstract : The amount of ‘big’ data generated in clinical oncology, whether from molecular, imaging, pharmacological or biological origin, brings novel challenges. To mine efficiently this source of information, mathematical models able to produce predictive algorithms and simulations are required, with applications for diagnosis, prognosis, drug development or prediction of the response to therapy. Such mathematical and computational constructs can be subdivided into two broad classes: biologically agnostic, statistical models using artificial intelligence techniques, and physiologically-based, mechanistic models. In this review, recent advances in the applications of such methods in clinical oncology are outlined. These include machine learning applied to big data (omics, imaging or electronic health records), pharmacometrics, quantitative systems pharmacology, tumor size kinetics, and metastasis modeling. Focus is set on studies with high potential of clinical translation, as well as applied to cancer immunotherapy. Perspectives are given in terms of combinations of the two approaches: ‘mechanistic learning’.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 18, 2020 - 11:16:54 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 2, 2022 - 3:53:55 PM
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Sébastien Benzekry. Artificial Intelligence and Mechanistic Modeling for Clinical Decision Making in Oncology. Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 2020, ⟨10.1002/cpt.1951⟩. ⟨hal-02916941⟩



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