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A survey of IoT protocols and their security issues through the lens of a generic IoT stack

Jonathan Tournier 1, 2 François Lesueur 1 Frédéric Le Mouël 1 Laurent Guyon 2 Hicham Ben-Hassine 2
1 DYNAMID - Dynamic Software and Distributed Systems
CITI - CITI Centre of Innovation in Telecommunications and Integration of services
Abstract : The Internet of things (IoT) is rapidly growing, and many security issues relate to its wireless technology. These security issues are challenging because IoT protocols are heterogeneous, suit different needs, and are used in different application domains. From this assessment, we identify the need to provide a homogeneous formalism applying to every IoT protocols. In this survey, we describe a generic approach with twofold challenges. The first challenge we tackle is the identification of common principles to define a generic approach to compare IoT protocol stack. We base the comparison on five different criteria: the range, the openness of the protocol, the interoperability, the topology and the security practices of these IoT protocols. The second challenge we consider is to find a generic way to describe fundamental IoT attacks regardless of the protocol used. This approach exposes similar attacks amongst different IoT protocols and is divided into three parts: attacks focusing on packets (passive and active cryptographic attacks), attacks focusing on the protocol (MITM, Flooding, Sybil, Spoofing, Wormhole attacks) and attacks focusing on the whole system (Sinkhole, Selective forwarding attacks). It also highlights which mechanisms are different between two protocols to make both of them vulnerable to an attack. Finally, we draw some lessons and perspectives from this transversal study.
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Jonathan Tournier, François Lesueur, Frédéric Le Mouël, Laurent Guyon, Hicham Ben-Hassine. A survey of IoT protocols and their security issues through the lens of a generic IoT stack. Internet of Things, Elsevier, 2020, pp.100264. ⟨10.1016/j.iot.2020.100264⟩. ⟨hal-02918332⟩

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