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Multi-fidelity modeling using DGPs: Improvements and a generalization to varying input space dimensions

Ali Hebbal 1, 2 Loïc Brevault 1 Mathieu Balesdent 1 El-Ghazali Talbi 3, 2 Nouredine Melab 4, 2
2 BONUS - Optimisation de grande taille et calcul large échelle
Inria Lille - Nord Europe, CRIStAL - Centre de Recherche en Informatique, Signal et Automatique de Lille - UMR 9189
4 DOLPHIN - Parallel Cooperative Multi-criteria Optimization
LIFL - Laboratoire d'Informatique Fondamentale de Lille, Inria Lille - Nord Europe
Abstract : Multi-fidelity approaches improve the inference of a high-fidelity model which is constructed using a small set of accurate observations, by taking advantage of its correlations with a low-fidelity model built using a larger set of approximated data. Most existing multi-fidelity methods consider the inputs of the low and high fidelity models defined identically over the same input space. However, it happens that the low fidelity model variables are defined over a different space than the variables of the high fidelity model due to different modeling approaches i.e. input spaces with different dimensionality and different nature of the variables. Recently, Deep Gaussian Processes have been used to exhibit the correlations between the low and high fidelity models. In this paper, Deep Gaussian Processes for multi-fidelity (MF-DGP) are extended to the case where the input spaces of the low and high fidelity models are different. Moreover, the learning capacity of MF-DGP is improved by proposing an optimization approach for the inducing inputs and by using natural gradients for the variational distributions of the inducing variables which also allows time reduction in the training.
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Ali Hebbal, Loïc Brevault, Mathieu Balesdent, El-Ghazali Talbi, Nouredine Melab. Multi-fidelity modeling using DGPs: Improvements and a generalization to varying input space dimensions. 4th workshop on Bayesian Deep Learning (NeurIPS 2019), Dec 2019, Vancouver, Canada. ⟨hal-02919781⟩

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