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Complete Classification and Efficient Determination of Arrangements Formed by Two Ellipsoids

Abstract : Arrangements of geometric objects refer to the spatial partitions formed by the objects and they serve as an underlining structure of motion design, analysis and planning in CAD/CAM, robotics, molecular modeling, manufacturing and computer-assisted radio-surgery. Arrangements are especially useful to collision detection, which is a key task in various applications such as computer animation , virtual reality, computer games, robotics, CAD/CAM and computational physics. Ellipsoids are commonly used as bounding volumes in approximating complex geometric objects in collision detection. In this paper we present an in-depth study on the arrangements formed by two ellipsoids. Specifically, we present a classification of these arrangements and propose an efficient algorithm for determining the arrangement formed by any particular pair of ellipsoids. A stratification diagram is also established to show the connections among all the arrangements formed by two ellipsoids. Our results for the first time elucidate all possible relative positions between two arbitrary ellipsoids and provides an efficient and robust algorithm for determining the relative position of any two given ellipsoids, therefore providing the necessary foundation for developing practical and trustworthy methods for processing ellipsoids for collision analysis or simulation in various applications.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 2, 2020 - 9:26:00 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 6, 2021 - 4:10:05 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, December 2, 2020 - 1:34:16 PM

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Xiaohong Jia, Changhe Tu, Bernard Mourrain, Wenping Wang. Complete Classification and Efficient Determination of Arrangements Formed by Two Ellipsoids. ACM Transactions on Graphics, Association for Computing Machinery, 2020, 39 (3), pp.1-12. ⟨10.1145/3388540⟩. ⟨hal-02927010⟩

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