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Privacy Leakage in Graph Embedding

Vasisht Duddu 1 Antoine Boutet 1 Virat Shejwalkar 2
1 PRIVATICS - Privacy Models, Architectures and Tools for the Information Society
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, CITI - CITI Centre of Innovation in Telecommunications and Integration of services
Abstract : Graph embeddings have been proposed to map graph data to low dimensional space for downstream processing (e.g., node classification or link prediction). With the increasing collection of personal data, graph embeddings can be trained on private and sensitive data. For the first time, we quantify the privacy leakage in graph embeddings through three inference attacks targeting Graph Neural Networks. We propose a membership inference attack to infer whether a graph node corresponding to individual user's data was member of the model's training or not. We consider a blackbox setting where the adversary exploits the output prediction scores, and a whitebox setting where the adversary has also access to the released node embeddings. This attack provides an accuracy up to 28% (blackbox) 36% (whitebox) beyond random guess by exploiting the distinguishable footprint between train and test data records left by the graph embedding. We propose a Graph Reconstruction attack where the adversary aims to reconstruct the target graph given the corresponding graph embeddings. Here, the adversary can reconstruct the graph with more than 80% of accuracy and link inference between two nodes around 30% more confidence than a random guess. We then propose an attribute inference attack where the adversary aims to infer a sensitive attribute. We show that graph embeddings are strongly correlated to node attributes letting the adversary inferring sensitive information (e.g., gender or location).
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-02956397
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Submitted on : Friday, October 2, 2020 - 4:54:58 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 9, 2021 - 1:58:19 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, January 4, 2021 - 8:48:41 AM

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Vasisht Duddu, Antoine Boutet, Virat Shejwalkar. Privacy Leakage in Graph Embedding. 2020. ⟨hal-02956397⟩

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