New Constructions of Statistical NIZKs: Dual-Mode DV-NIZKs and More - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Conference Papers Year :

New Constructions of Statistical NIZKs: Dual-Mode DV-NIZKs and More

(1, 2, 3) , (2, 3) , (1, 4, 5) , (6)
1
2
3
4
5
6

Abstract

Non-interactive zero-knowledge proofs (NIZKs) are important primitives in cryptography. A major challenge since the early works on NIZKs has been to construct NIZKs with a statistical zero-knowledge guarantee against unbounded verifiers. In the common reference string (CRS) model, such "statistical NIZK arguments" are currently known from k-Lin in a pairing-group and from LWE. In the (reusable) designated-verifier model (DV-NIZK), where a trusted setup algorithm generates a reusable verification key for checking proofs, we also have a construction from DCR. If we relax our requirements to computational zero-knowledge, we additionally have NIZKs from factoring and CDH in a pairing group in the CRS model, and from nearly all assumptions that imply public-key encryption (e.g., CDH, LPN, LWE) in the designated-verifier model. Thus, there still remains a gap in our understanding of statistical NIZKs in both the CRS and the designated-verifier models. In this work, we develop new techniques for constructing statistical NIZK arguments. First, we construct statistical DV-NIZK arguments from the k-Lin assumption in pairing-free groups, the QR assumption, and the DCR assumption. These are the first constructions in pairing-free groups and from QR that satisfy statistical zero-knowledge. All of our constructions are secure even if the verification key is chosen maliciously (i.e., they are "malicious-designated-verifier" NIZKs), and moreover, they satisfy a "dual-mode" property where the CRS can be sampled from two computationally indistinguishable distributions: one distribution yields statistical DV-NIZK arguments while the other yields computational DV-NIZK proofs. We then show how to adapt our k-Lin construction in a pairing group to obtain new publicly-verifiable statistical NIZK arguments from pairings with a qualitatively weaker assumption than existing constructions of pairing-based statistical NIZKs. Our constructions follow the classic paradigm of Feige, Lapidot, and Shamir (FLS). While the FLS framework has traditionally been used to construct computational (DV)-NIZK proofs, we newly show that the same framework can be leveraged to construct dual-mode (DV)-NIZKs.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
DV-NIZK.pdf (853.48 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)
Loading...

Dates and versions

hal-02993608 , version 1 (06-11-2020)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-02993608 , version 1

Cite

Benoît Libert, Alain Passelègue, Hoeteck Wee, David J Wu. New Constructions of Statistical NIZKs: Dual-Mode DV-NIZKs and More. Eurocrypt 2020 - 39th Annual International Conference on the Theory and Applications of Cryptographic Techniques, May 2020, Zagreb / Virtual, Croatia. pp.1-85. ⟨hal-02993608⟩
63 View
159 Download

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More