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Journal Articles Physical Review A Year : 2021

Error Rates and Resource Overheads of Repetition Cat Qubits

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Abstract

We estimate and analyze the error rates and the resource overheads of the repetition cat qubit approach to universal and fault-tolerant quantum computation. The cat qubits stabilized by two-photon dissipation exhibit an extremely biased noise where the bit-flip error rate is exponentially suppressed with the mean number of photons. In a recent work, we suggested that the remaining phase-flip error channel could be suppressed using a 1D repetition code. Indeed, using only bias-preserving gates on the cat-qubits, it is possible to build a universal set of fault-tolerant logical gates at the level of the repetition cat qubit. In this paper, we perform Monte-Carlo simulations of all the circuits implementing the protected logical gates, using a circuit-level error model. Furthermore, we analyze two different approaches to implement a fault-tolerant Toffoli gate on repetition cat qubits. These numerical simulations indicate that very low logical error rates could be achieved with a reasonable resource overhead, and with parameters that are within the reach of near-term circuit QED experiments.

Dates and versions

hal-03084665 , version 1 (21-12-2020)

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Jérémie Guillaud, Mazyar Mirrahimi. Error Rates and Resource Overheads of Repetition Cat Qubits. Physical Review A, 2021, 103, ⟨10.1103/PhysRevA.103.042413⟩. ⟨hal-03084665⟩
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