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Multiplexed photon number measurement

Abstract : The evolution of quantum systems under measurement is a central aspect of quantum mechanics. When a two level system -- a qubit -- is used as a probe of a larger system, it naturally leads to answering a single yes-no question about the system state followed by its corresponding quantum collapse. Here, we report an experiment where a single superconducting qubit is counter-intuitively able to answer not a single but nine yes-no questions about the number of photons in a microwave resonator at the same time. The key ingredients are twofold. First, we exploit the fact that observing the color of a qubit carries additional information to the conventional readout of its state. The qubit-system interaction is hence designed so that the qubit color encodes the number of photons in the resonator. Secondly, we multiplex the qubit color observation by recording how the qubit reflects a frequency comb. Interestingly the amount of extracted information reaches a maximum at a finite drive amplitude of the comb. We evidence it by direct Wigner tomography of the quantum state of the resonator. Our experiment unleashes the full potential of quantum meters by bringing the measurement process in the frequency domain.
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Preprints, Working Papers, ...
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-03084831
Contributor : Mazyar Mirrahimi <>
Submitted on : Monday, December 21, 2020 - 1:42:44 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 23, 2020 - 3:37:47 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03084831, version 1
  • ARXIV : 2001.03217

Citation

Antoine Essig, Quentin Ficheux, Théau Peronnin, Nathanaël Cottet, Raphaël Lescanne, et al.. Multiplexed photon number measurement. 2020. ⟨hal-03084831⟩

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