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Fundamental Limits of Non Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) for the Massive Gaussian Broadcast Channel in Finite Block-Length

Abstract : Superposition coding (SC) has been known to be capacity achieving for the Gaussian memoryless broadcast channel for more than 30 years. However, SC regained interest in the context of non orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) in 5G. From an information theory point of view, SC is capacity achieving in the broadcast Gaussian channel, even when the number of users tends to infinity. But using SC has two drawbacks: decoders complexity increases drastically with the number of simultaneous receivers, and the latency is unbounded since SC is optimal only in the asymptotic regime. To evaluate these effects quantitatively in terms of fundamental limits, we introduce a finite time transmission constraint imposed at the base station and we evaluate fundamental trade-offs between the maximal number of superposed users, the coding block-length and the block error probability. The energy efficiency loss due to these constraints is evaluated analytically and by simulation. Orthogonal sharing appears to outperform SC for hard delay constraints (equivalent to short block-length) and in low spectral efficiency regime (below one bit per channel use). These results are obtained by the association of stochastic geometry and finite block-length information theory.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-03095234
Contributor : Jean-Marie Gorce Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 20, 2021 - 5:27:38 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 20, 2022 - 5:32:58 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, April 21, 2021 - 6:04:16 PM

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Jean-Marie Gorce, Philippe Mary, Dadja Anade, Jean-Marc Kélif. Fundamental Limits of Non Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) for the Massive Gaussian Broadcast Channel in Finite Block-Length. Sensors, MDPI, 2021, Special Issue: Massive and Reliable Sensor Communications with LPWANs Technologies, 21 (3), ⟨10.3390/s21030715⟩. ⟨hal-03095234⟩

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