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A system design for elastically scaling transaction processing engines in virtualized servers

Abstract : Online Transaction Processing (OLTP) deployments are migrating from on-premise to cloud settings in order to exploit the elasticity of cloud infrastructure which allows them to adapt to workload variations. However, cloud adaptation comes at the cost of redesigning the engine, which has led to the introduction of several, new, cloud-based transaction processing systems mainly focusing on: (i) the transaction coordination protocol, (ii) the data partitioning strategy, and, (iii) the resource isolation across multiple tenants. As a result, standalone OLTP engines cannot be easily deployed with an elastic setting in the cloud and they need to migrate to another, specialized deployment. In this paper, we focus on workload variations that can be addressed by modern multi-socket, multi-core servers and we present a system design for providing fine-grained elasticity to multi-tenant, scale-up OLTP deployments. We introduce novel components to the virtualization software stack that enable on-demand addition and removal of computing and memory resources. We provide a bi-directional, low-overhead communication stack between the virtual machine and the hypervisor, which allows the former to adapt to variations coming both from the workload and the resource availability. We show that our system achieves NUMA-aware, millisecond-level, stateful and fine-grained elasticity, while it is not intrusive to the design of state-of-the-art, in-memory OLTP engines. We evaluate our system through novel use cases demonstrating that scale-up elasticity increases resource utilization, while allowing tenants to pay for actual use of resources and not just their reservation.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-03104618
Contributor : Angelos Christos Anadiotis Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, January 9, 2021 - 2:01:32 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 21, 2022 - 3:23:01 AM

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Angelos-Christos Anadiotis, Raja Appuswamy, Anastasia Ailamaki, Ilan Bronshtein, Hillel Avni, et al.. A system design for elastically scaling transaction processing engines in virtualized servers. Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment (PVLDB), VLDB Endowment, 2020, 13 (12), pp.3085-3098. ⟨10.14778/3415478.3415536⟩. ⟨hal-03104618⟩

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