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SIMBox bypass frauds in cellular networks: Strategies, evolution, and detection survey

Abstract : Due to their complexity and opaqueness, cellular networks have been subject to numerous attacks over the past few decades. These attacks are a real problem to telecom operators and cost them about USD 28.3 Billion annually, as reported by the Communications Fraud Control Association. SIMBox fraud, which is one of the most prevalent of these telephone frauds, is the main focus of this paper. SIMBox fraud consists of diverting international calls on the VoIP network and terminating them as local calls using an off-the-shelf device, referred to as SIMBox. This paper surveys both the existing literature and the major SIMBox manufacturers to provide comprehensive and analytical knowledge on SIMBox fraud, fraud strategies, fraud evolution, and fraud detection methods. We provide the necessary background on the telephone ecosystem while extensively exploring the SIMBox architecture required to understand fraud strategies. Our goal is to provide a complete introductory guide for research on SIMBox fraud and stimulate interest for SIMBox fraud detection, which remains little investigated. In this vein, we conclude the paper by presenting insights into tomorrow's SIMBox fraud detection challenges.
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Contributor : Anne Josiane Kouam Djuigne <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 11, 2021 - 1:44:22 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 12, 2021 - 3:30:50 AM


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  • HAL Id : hal-03105845, version 1



Anne Kouam, Aline Carneiro Viana, Alain Tchana. SIMBox bypass frauds in cellular networks: Strategies, evolution, and detection survey. 2021. ⟨hal-03105845⟩



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