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Interacting roles of lateral and medial Orbitofrontal cortex in decision-making and learning : A system-level computational model

Bhargav Teja Nallapu 1 Frédéric Alexandre 1
1 Mnemosyne - Mnemonic Synergy
LaBRI - Laboratoire Bordelais de Recherche en Informatique, Inria Bordeaux - Sud-Ouest, IMN - Institut des Maladies Neurodégénératives [Bordeaux]
Abstract : In the context of flexible and adaptive animal behavior, the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) is found to be one of the crucial regions in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) influencing the downstream processes of decision-making and learning in the sub-cortical regions. Although OFC has been implicated to be important in a variety of related behavioral processes, the exact mechanisms are unclear, through which the OFC encodes or processes information related to decision-making and learning. Here, we propose a systems-level view of the OFC, positioning it at the nexus of sub-cortical systems and other prefrontal regions. Particularly we focus on one of the most recent implications of neuroscientific evidences regarding the OFC - possible functional dissociation between two of its sub-regions : lateral and medial. We present a system-level computational model of decision-making and learning involving the two sub-regions taking into account their individual roles as commonly implicated in neuroscientific studies. We emphasize on the role of the interactions between the sub-regions within the OFC as well as the role of other sub-cortical structures which form a network with them. We leverage well-known computational architecture of thalamo-cortical basal ganglia loops, accounting for recent experimental findings on monkeys with lateral and medial OFC lesions, performing a 3-arm bandit task. First we replicate the seemingly dissociate effects of lesions to lateral and medial OFC during decision-making as a function of value-difference of the presented options. Further we demonstrate and argue that such an effect is not necessarily due to the dissociate roles of both the subregions, but rather a result of complex temporal dynamics between the interacting networks in which they are involved.
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Preprints, Working Papers, ...
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-03145202
Contributor : Frédéric Alexandre Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, February 18, 2021 - 10:54:45 AM
Last modification on : Friday, January 21, 2022 - 3:11:46 AM

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Bhargav Teja Nallapu, Frédéric Alexandre. Interacting roles of lateral and medial Orbitofrontal cortex in decision-making and learning : A system-level computational model. 2019. ⟨hal-03145202⟩

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