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Coherence resonance in random Erdös-Rényi neural networks : mean-field theory

Abstract : Additive noise is known to tune the stability of nonlinear systems. Using a network of two randomly connected interacting excitatory and inhibitory neural populations driven by additive noise, we derive a closed mean-field representation that captures the global network dynamics. Building on the spectral properties of Erdös-Rényi networks, mean-field dynamics are obtained via a projection of the network dynamics onto the random network's principal eigenmode. We consider Gaussian zero-mean and Poisson noise stimuli to excitatory neurons and show that these noise types induce coherence resonance. Specifically, the stochastic stimulation induces coherent stochastic oscillations at intermediate noise intensity. We further show that this is valid for both global stimulation and partial stimulation, i.e. whenever a subset of excitatory neurons is stimulated only. The mean-field dynamics exposes the coherence resonance dynamics by a transition from a stable non-oscillatory equilibrium to an oscillatory equilibrium via a saddle-node bifurcation. We evaluate the transition between non-coherent and coherent state by various power spectra, spike-field coherence and information-theoretic measures.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-03244053
Contributor : Axel Hutt Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, June 14, 2021 - 12:38:45 PM
Last modification on : Monday, May 2, 2022 - 11:38:11 AM

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Axel Hutt, Thomas Wahl, Nicole Voges, Jo Hausmann, Jérémie Lefebvre. Coherence resonance in random Erdös-Rényi neural networks : mean-field theory. Frontiers in Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Frontiers Media S.A, 2021, 7, pp.697904. ⟨10.3389/fams.2021.697904⟩. ⟨hal-03244053v2⟩

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