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Prediction of Clinical Deep Brain Stimulation Target for Essential Tremor From 1.5 Tesla MRI Anatomical Landmarks

Abstract : Background: Deep brain stimulation is an efficacious treatment for refractory essential tremor, though targeting the intra-thalamic nuclei remains challenging. Objectives: We sought to develop an inverse approach to retrieve the position of the leads in a cohort of patients operated on with optimal clinical outcomes from anatomical landmarks identifiable by 1.5 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging. Methods: The learning database included clinical outcomes and post-operative imaging from which the coordinates of the active contacts and those of anatomical landmarks were extracted. We used machine learning regression methods to build three different prediction models. External validation was performed according to a leave-one-out cross-validation. Results: Fifteen patients (29 leads) were included, with a median tremor improvement of 72% on the Fahn-Tolosa-Marin scale. Kernel ridge regression, deep neural networks, and support vector regression (SVR) were used. SVR gave the best results with a mean error of 1.33 ± 1.64 mm between the predicted target and the active contact position. Conclusion: We report an original method for the targeting in deep brain stimulation for essential tremor based on patients' radio-anatomical features. This approach will be tested in a prospective clinical trial.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-03409356
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Submitted on : Friday, October 29, 2021 - 4:08:15 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 8, 2022 - 10:07:00 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, January 31, 2022 - 9:37:55 AM

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Julien Engelhardt, Emmanuel Cuny, Dominique Guehl, Pierre Burbaud, Nathalie Damon-Perrière, et al.. Prediction of Clinical Deep Brain Stimulation Target for Essential Tremor From 1.5 Tesla MRI Anatomical Landmarks. Frontiers in Neurology, 2021, 12, ⟨10.3389/fneur.2021.620360⟩. ⟨hal-03409356⟩

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