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Back to the Feature: A Neural-Symbolic Perspective on Explainable AI

Abstract : We discuss a perspective aimed at making black box models more eXplainable, within the eXplainable AI (XAI) strand of research. We argue that the traditional end-to-end learning approach used to train Deep Learning (DL) models does not fit the tenets and aims of XAI. Going back to the idea of hand-crafted feature engineering, we suggest a hybrid DL approach to XAI: instead of employing end-to-end learning, we suggest to use DL for the automatic detection of meaningful, hand-crafted high-level symbolic features, which are then to be used by a standard and more interpretable learning model. We exemplify this hybrid learning model in a proof of concept, based on the recently proposed Kandinsky Patterns benchmark, that focuses on the symbolic learning part of the pipeline by using both Logic Tensor Networks and interpretable rule ensembles. After showing that the proposed methodology is able to deliver highly accurate and explainable models, we then discuss potential implementation issues and future directions that can be explored.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-03414734
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 4, 2021 - 3:57:32 PM
Last modification on : Monday, November 28, 2022 - 5:22:06 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, February 5, 2022 - 7:08:47 PM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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Andrea Campagner, Federico Cabitza. Back to the Feature: A Neural-Symbolic Perspective on Explainable AI. 4th International Cross-Domain Conference for Machine Learning and Knowledge Extraction (CD-MAKE), Aug 2020, Dublin, Ireland. pp.39-55, ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-57321-8_3⟩. ⟨hal-03414734⟩

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