Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
New interface
Conference papers

An Algorithmic Approach for the Symmetric Perturbed Eigenvalue Problem: Application to the Solution of a Schrödinger Equation by a kp-Perturbation Method

Abstract : In semiconductor theory, applying the kp-method to the monodimensional Schrödinger equation leads to a symmetric perturbed eigenvalue problem, i.e., to the diagonalization of a matrix $A(\epsilon)$ depending on a small parameter $\epsilon$, symmetric for all $\epsilon\in {\mathbb R}$. The eigenelements of $A(\epsilon)$ are expansions in fractional powers of $\epsilon$ (Puiseux series). Usually, physicists solve this problem by using Schrödinger perturbation formulas under some restrictive conditions, which make perturbed eigenvector symbolic approximation impossible. This is illustrated by the modified Kane matrix. To solve this problem completely from a symbolic computing point of view, we consider the symmetric perturbed eigenvalue problem in the case of analytic perturbations. We first review the classical characteristic polynomial approach, showing why it may not be optimal. We also present a direct matricial algorithm: transforming the analytic matrix $A(\epsilon)$ into its so-called $q$-reduced form allows to recover the information we need for the eigenvalues. This alternative method, as well as the classical one, can be described in terms of the Newton polygon. However, our approach uses only a finite number of terms of $A(\epsilon)$ and is more suitable for large matrices and a low approximation order. Besides, we show that the $q$-reduction process can simultaneously provide symbolic approximations of both the perturbed eigenvalues and eigenvectors. The implementation of this algorithm in Maple is used to diagonalize the modified Kane matrix up to a given order.
Document type :
Conference papers
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.inria.fr/hal-03419415
Contributor : Claude-Pierre Jeannerod Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, November 8, 2021 - 2:31:50 PM
Last modification on : Monday, November 22, 2021 - 2:40:48 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, February 9, 2022 - 7:52:32 PM

File

JeMaPf1998.pdf
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-03419415, version 1

Collections

Citation

Claude-Pierre Jeannerod, Nicolas Maillard, Eckhard Pflügel. An Algorithmic Approach for the Symmetric Perturbed Eigenvalue Problem: Application to the Solution of a Schrödinger Equation by a kp-Perturbation Method. 1998 IMACS Conference on Applications of Computer Algebra (ACA'98), Aug 1998, Prague, Czech Republic. ⟨hal-03419415⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

12

Files downloads

71