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Journal Articles International Journal of Social Robotics Year : 2021

Identifying Functions and Behaviours of Social Robots for In-Class Learning Activities: Teachers’ Perspective

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Jessy Ceha
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1139665
Pierre-Yves Oudeyer
Didier Roy

Abstract

With advances in artificial intelligence, research is increasingly exploring the potential functions that social robots can play in education. As teachers are a critical stakeholder in the use and application of educational technologies, we conducted a study to understand teachers' perspectives on how a social robot could support a variety of learning activities in the classroom. Through interviews, robot puppeteering, and group brainstorming sessions with five elementary and middle school teachers, we take a sociotechnical perspective to conceptualize possible robot functions and behaviours, and the effects they may have on the current way learning activities are designed, planned, and executed. Using activity theory to analyze learning activities as an activity system illustrated a number of tensions that currently exist between the components of the system. Overall, the teachers responded positively to the idea of introducing a social robot as a technological tool for learning activities, envisioning differences in usage for teacher-robot and student-robot interactions. We discuss the fine-grained functions and behaviours envisioned by teachers, and how they address the current tensions-providing suggestions for improving the design of social robots for learning activities.
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Dates and versions

hal-03465477 , version 1 (03-12-2021)

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Jessy Ceha, Edith Law, Dana Kulić, Pierre-Yves Oudeyer, Didier Roy. Identifying Functions and Behaviours of Social Robots for In-Class Learning Activities: Teachers’ Perspective. International Journal of Social Robotics, 2021, ⟨10.1007/s12369-021-00820-7⟩. ⟨hal-03465477⟩
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