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Journal Articles Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine Year : 2021

Perfusion Index: Physical Principles, Physiological Meanings and Clinical Implications in Anaesthesia and Critical Care

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Abstract

Photoplethysmography (PPG) has been extensively used for pulse oximetry monitoring in anaesthesia, perioperative and intensive care. However, some components of PPG signal have been employed for other purposes, such as non-invasive haemodynamic monitoring. Perfusion index (PI) is derived from PPG signal and represents the ratio of pulsatile on non- pulsatile light absorbance or reflectance of the PPG signal. PI determinants are complex and interlinked, involving and reflecting the interaction between peripheral and central haemodynamic characteristics, such as vascular tone and stroke volume. Recently, several studies have shed light on the interesting performances of this variable, especially assessing regional or neuraxial block success, and haemodynamic monitoring in anaesthesia, perioperative and intensive care. Nevertheless, no review has yet been published concerning the interest of PI in these fields. In this narrative review will be exposed first the physiological and pathophysiological determinants of PI, and then the mean to measure this value as well as its potential limitations. In the second part, the existing data concerning usefulness of PI in different clinical settings such as operating theatres, intensive care units and emergency departments will be presented and discussed. Finally, the perspectives concerning the use of PI and mentioned aspects that should be explored regarding this tool will be underlined.
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Dates and versions

hal-03475091 , version 1 (10-12-2021)

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  • HAL Id : hal-03475091 , version 1

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Maxime Coutrot, Emmanuel Dudoignon, Jona Joachim Md, Etienne Gayat, Fabrice Vallee, et al.. Perfusion Index: Physical Principles, Physiological Meanings and Clinical Implications in Anaesthesia and Critical Care. Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain Medicine, 2021. ⟨hal-03475091⟩
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