Hybrid Deep Learning for Medication-Related Information Extraction From Clinical Texts in French: MedExt Algorithm Development Study - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles JMIR Medical Informatics Year : 2021

Hybrid Deep Learning for Medication-Related Information Extraction From Clinical Texts in French: MedExt Algorithm Development Study

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Abstract

Background Information related to patient medication is crucial for health care; however, up to 80% of the information resides solely in unstructured text. Manual extraction is difficult and time-consuming, and there is not a lot of research on natural language processing extracting medical information from unstructured text from French corpora. Objective We aimed to develop a system to extract medication-related information from clinical text written in French. Methods We developed a hybrid system combining an expert rule–based system, contextual word embedding (embedding for language model) trained on clinical notes, and a deep recurrent neural network (bidirectional long short term memory–conditional random field). The task consisted of extracting drug mentions and their related information (eg, dosage, frequency, duration, route, condition). We manually annotated 320 clinical notes from a French clinical data warehouse to train and evaluate the model. We compared the performance of our approach to those of standard approaches: rule-based or machine learning only and classic word embeddings. We evaluated the models using token-level recall, precision, and F-measure. Results The overall F-measure was 89.9% (precision 90.8; recall: 89.2) when combining expert rules and contextualized embeddings, compared to 88.1% (precision 89.5; recall 87.2) without expert rules or contextualized embeddings. The F-measures for each category were 95.3% for medication name, 64.4% for drug class mentions, 95.3% for dosage, 92.2% for frequency, 78.8% for duration, and 62.2% for condition of the intake. Conclusions Associating expert rules, deep contextualized embedding, and deep neural networks improved medication information extraction. Our results revealed a synergy when associating expert knowledge and latent knowledge.

Dates and versions

hal-03476758 , version 1 (13-12-2021)

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Jordan Jouffroy, Sarah Feldman, Ivan Lerner, Bastien Rance, Anita Burgun, et al.. Hybrid Deep Learning for Medication-Related Information Extraction From Clinical Texts in French: MedExt Algorithm Development Study. JMIR Medical Informatics, 2021, 9 (3), pp.e17934. ⟨10.2196/17934⟩. ⟨hal-03476758⟩
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