Bioinformatics modelling and metabolic engineering of the branched chain amino acid pathway for specific production of mycosubtilin isoforms in Bacillus subtilis - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Metabolites Year : 2022

Bioinformatics modelling and metabolic engineering of the branched chain amino acid pathway for specific production of mycosubtilin isoforms in Bacillus subtilis

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Abstract

Mycosubtilin belongs to the family of lipopeptides. Different isoforms with various antifungal activities can be obtained according to the length and the isomery of the fatty acid. In this work, the activities of the mycosubtilin isoforms were first studied against the pathogen Aspergillus niger, revealing the high activity of the anteiso-C17 isoform. Modification of the mycosubtilin isoform patterns during cultures of the natural strain Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633 was then investigated through amino acids feeding experiments. In parallel, single gene knockouts and single gene overexpression leading to the overproduction of the anteiso-C15 fatty acid chains were predicted using informatics tools which provide logical reasoning with formal models of reaction networks. In this way, it was in silico predicted that the single overexpression of the ilvA gene as well as the single knockout of the codY gene may lead to the overproduction of anteiso-C15 fatty acid chains. For the first time, it has been demonstrated that overexpression of ilvA allows an enhancement of furniture of odd anteiso fatty acids leading to a favoured mycosubtilin anteiso-C17 production pattern (+41%). Alternatively, a knock-out codY mutant led to a higher furniture of even iso fatty acids, leading to a favoured mycosubtilin iso-C16 production pattern (+180%). These results showed that increased selective synthesis of particular isoforms of mycosubtilin through metabolic engineering is feasible, disclosing the interest of these approaches for future development of lipopeptide producing strains.
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Dates and versions

hal-03498125 , version 1 (21-01-2022)

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Cite

Jean Sébastien Guez, Francoise Coucheney, Joany Castéra-Guy, Max Béchet, Pierre Fontanille, et al.. Bioinformatics modelling and metabolic engineering of the branched chain amino acid pathway for specific production of mycosubtilin isoforms in Bacillus subtilis. Metabolites, 2022, 12 (2), ⟨10.3390/metabo12020107⟩. ⟨hal-03498125⟩
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