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Integrated Metabolomic, Molecular Networking, and Genome Mining Analyses Uncover Novel Angucyclines From Streptomyces sp. RO-S4 Strain Isolated From Bejaia Bay, Algeria

Abstract : Multi-omic approaches have recently made big strides toward the effective exploration of microorganisms, accelerating the discovery of new bioactive compounds. We combined metabolomic, molecular networking, and genomic-based approaches to investigate the metabolic potential of the Streptomyces sp. RO-S4 strain isolated from the polluted waters of Bejaia Bay in Algeria. Antagonistic assays against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with RO-S4 organic extracts showed an inhibition zone of 20 mm by using the agar diffusion method, and its minimum inhibitory concentration was 16 μg/ml. A molecular network was created using GNPS and annotated through the comparison of MS/MS spectra against several databases. The predominant compounds in the RO-S4 extract belonged to the angucycline family. Three compounds were annotated as known metabolites, while all the others were putatively new to Science. Notably, all compounds had fridamycin-like aglycones, and several of them had a lactonized D ring analogous to that of urdamycin L. The whole genome of Streptomyces RO-S4 was sequenced to identify the biosynthetic gene cluster (BGC) linked to these angucyclines, which yielded a draft genome of 7,497,846 bp with 72.4% G+C content. Subsequently, a genome mining analysis revealed 19 putative biosynthetic gene clusters, including a grincamycin-like BGC with high similarity to that of Streptomyces sp. CZN-748, that was previously reported to also produce mostly open fridamycin-like aglycones. As the ring-opening process leading to these compounds is still not defined, we performed a comparative analysis with other angucycline BGCs and advanced some hypotheses to explain the ring-opening and lactonization, possibly linked to the uncoupling between the activity of GcnE and GcnM homologs in the RO-S4 strain. The combination of metabolomic and genomic approaches greatly improved the interpretation of the metabolic potential of the RO-S4 strain.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03746686
Contributor : Didier Stien Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 5:49:14 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, August 6, 2022 - 3:50:15 AM

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Rima Ouchene, Didier Stien, Juliette Segret, Mouloud Kecha, Alice M S Rodrigues, et al.. Integrated Metabolomic, Molecular Networking, and Genome Mining Analyses Uncover Novel Angucyclines From Streptomyces sp. RO-S4 Strain Isolated From Bejaia Bay, Algeria. Frontiers in Microbiology, Frontiers Media, 2022, 13, pp.906161. ⟨10.3389/fmicb.2022.906161⟩. ⟨hal-03746686⟩

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