E. H. Aarts, Ambient Intelligence: calming, enriching and empowering our lives, 2001.

A. , F. Standards, N. C46601, and C. , FIP bus for exchange of information between transmitters, actuators a n d programmable controllers, 1989.

L. Almeida, Flexibility and timeliness in fieldbus based real time system, 1999.

R. Alur and T. A. Henzinger, Logics and models of real time: A survey, LNCS, vol.600, pp.74-106, 1991.
DOI : 10.1007/BFb0031988

B. Armitage, G. Dunlop, D. Hutchinson, and S. Yu, Fieldbus: an emerging communications standard, Microprocessors and Microsystems, vol.12, issue.10, pp.555-562, 1988.
DOI : 10.1016/0141-9331(88)90004-X

. Batibus, French Standards AFNOR, NFC 46 621 to 623 and 629. Un réseau pour la gestion technique et administrative des bâtiments, 1991.

K. Bender, PROFIBUS, the fieldbus for industrial automation, p.240, 1993.

L. Borsi and E. Pavlik, The concepts and structures of distributed process automation systems " . Process- Automation, pp.63-70, 1980.

J. Brandes, A real time programming language and its application for measuring processes, IFAC 5 th World Congress, 1972.

P. F. Brown and C. R. Mac-lean, The architecture of the NBS factory automation, IFAC Congress, 1987.

A. Burns, Scheduling hard real-time systems: a review, Software Engineering Journal, vol.6, issue.3, pp.116-126, 1991.
DOI : 10.1049/sej.1991.0015

P. Burton, FieldBus : an overview of current proposals " . IEE Colloquium on « Industrial LANs : the real issues, pp.24-25, 1987.

C. Bosch, C. , and R. Bosch-gmbh, Specification-Version 2, 1991.

C. Cardeira and Z. Mammeri, Scheduling in fieldbus based real-time systems " . Real-time computing, pp.568-573, 1994.

C. Cardeira and Z. Mammeri, A schedulability analysis of tasks and network traffic in distributed real-time systems, Measurement, vol.15, issue.2, pp.71-83, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0263-2241(94)00039-A

R. P. Carson, Distributed data analysis in computer networks, pp.130-135, 1981.

S. Cavalieri, S. Consoli, A. , and O. Mirabella, Adding Multi-Master Capabilities to Interbus-S, Fieldbus Technology, Systems Integration, Networking and Engineering, Proceedings of the fieldbus Conference FeT'99, pp.30-37
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-7091-6421-1_4

J. M. Chang and N. F. Maxemchuck, Reliable broadcast protocols, ACM Transactions on Computer Systems, vol.2, issue.3, pp.251-272, 1984.
DOI : 10.1145/989.357400

A. Chatha and C. Polsonetti, Fieldbus standard: we need a winner, I&CS, vol.65, issue.10, pp.29-31, 1992.

N. Collins, Boeing architecture and TOP (technical and office protocol) " . Networking:-A-Large- Organization-Perspective, pp.49-54, 1986.

. Controlnet, ControlNet Specification, release 2.0. ControlNet International, 1997.

Y. Dakroury and J. P. Elloy, A new multi-server concept for the MMS Environnement, Proc of 9th IFAC Workshop on DCCS, 1989.

B. Dasarathy, Timing Constraints of Real-Time Systems: Constructs for Expressing Them, Methods of Validating Them, IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, vol.11, issue.1, pp.80-86, 1985.
DOI : 10.1109/TSE.1985.231845

J. D. Decotignie, P. Raja, G. Noubir, L. Ruiz, and J. Hernandez, Analysis of polling protocols for fieldbus networks, Computer communication review, ACM Sigcomm, vol.23, issue.3, pp.69-90, 1993.

J. D. Decotignie and R. Prasad, Die Feldbusse-der grosse Bazar " . Bulletin SEV/VSE, Teil 1, Die Probleme der industriellen Kommunication, pp.11-17, 1993.

J. D. Decotignie, Some Future Directions in Fieldbus Research and Development, Fieldbus Technology, Systems Integration, Networking and Engineering, Proceedings of the fieldbus Conference FeT'99, pp.308-312, 1999.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-7091-6421-1_40

P. Deschizeaux, R. Griesner, and P. Ladet, A real time operating system for microcomputer network, SOCOCO'1979. 2 nd IFAC/IFIP Symposium on Software for Computer Control. Praha, pp.1-4, 1979.

D. Dietrich and T. Sauter, Evolution potentials for fieldbus systems, WFCS2000. IEEE International Workshop on Factory Communication Systems, pp.343-350, 2000.
DOI : 10.1109/wfcs.2000.882567

S. R. Dillon, Manufacturing automation protocol and technical and office protocols -success through the OSI model

D. and G. Draft, Standard 19 258-1. Interbus-S, sensor and actuator network for industrial control systems for for CENELEC, 1996.

D. and D. Standard, P-Net, Multi-master, multi-net fieldbus for sensor, actuator and controller communications

J. Dwyer, Why General Motors' Manufacturing Automation Protocol is here to stay " ? Automation, pp.19-21, 1985.

F. Eibus and . Standard, réseau pour la gestion technique et administrative des bâtiments, 1991.

J. P. Elloy, P. Molinaro, and R. , A temporal extension to the MMS protocol with KerNext tool, Proceedings 1995 IEEE International Workshop on Factory Communication Systems. WFCS'95, 1995.
DOI : 10.1109/WFCS.1995.482703

E. , E. Map-users, and . Group, User requirements for communications in time critical applications. Feb 1989, réf ISO, pp.2-180

D. Fantoni, A never-ending story: the Fieldbus standardization " . Automazione-e-Strumentazione, pp.69-75

M. Felser and T. Sauter, The fieldbus war: history or short break between battles?, 4th IEEE International Workshop on Factory Communication Systems, 2002.
DOI : 10.1109/WFCS.2002.1159702

R. Floyd, Manufacturing Automation Protocol, IEEE International Conference on Communications, pp.620-624, 1985.

G. Fohler, Realizing changes of operational modes with a pre-run time scheduled hard real time system " , Dependable computing and fault tolerant systems, pp.287-300, 1993.

D. Galara and J. P. Thomesse, Groupe de réflexion FIP. Proposition d'un système de transmission série multiplexée pour les échanges d'informations entre des capteurs

R. W. Gellie, PROWAY'-a standard for distributed control systems Proceedings of the Specialists'- Meeting on Distributed Systems for Nuclear Power Plants. 14-16, Chalk River, pp.65-100, 1980.

R. Genier, The THEMIS solar power plant, pp.3-17, 1985.

W. George, A good year for fieldbuses, C&I, vol.28, pp.8-26, 1996.

J. Gertler and J. Sedlak, Software for process control???A survey, Automatica, vol.11, issue.6, pp.613-625, 1975.
DOI : 10.1016/0005-1098(75)90075-8

-. Gifford, A military standard for multiplex data bus, Proceedings of the IEEE-1974, National Aerospace and Electronics Conference. 13- 15, pp.85-93, 1974.

K. Grant, Users Requirements on Time Critical Communications Architectures, 1992.

M. Graube, The carrier band network and Mini-MAP: low-cost solutions, Control Engineering. Oct, vol.33, issue.11, pp.30-31, 1986.

P. Griem and J. W. Bernard, Considerations for distributed industrial control systems " , International telemetering conference. 28-30 Sept, pp.686-91, 1976.

G. H. Gürtler-]-e and . Hassler, Fieldbus standardization, the European approach and experiences Ethernet Everywhere Industrial master/slave system, Feldbustechnik in Forschung, Entwicklung und Anwendung, pp.211-216, 1980.

E. Hassler, An industrial master-slave system. Organisation of communications for decentralized freely-programmable controls " . T e c h n i s c h e - Rundschau, pp.25-31, 1980.

W. Hodson, Will fieldbus kill the DCS? Control systems, pp.2-21, 1988.

I. and I. Standard, Fieldbus standard for use in industrial control systems-Part 2 Physical layer specification and service definition +, pp.1158-1160, 1995.

I. and I. /. Tc57, TR 870-1-4. Telecontrol equipment and systems-Part 1: General considerations: Basic aspects of telecontrol data transmission and organization of standards IEC 870-5 and 870-6, 1994.

I. and T. /. Sc65c, Digital Data Communications for measurement and control-Fieldbus for use in industrial control systems. Part 3 Data Link Service Specification, IEC 1158-3, 1996.

I. and T. /. Sc65c, Digital Data Communications for measurement and control-Fieldbus for use in industrial control systems. Part 4 Data Link Protocol Specification, IEC 1158-4: Function Blocks (FB) for process control ? Part 1: General requirements, 2002.

I. The and M. Book, An introduction to Industrial Networking. Industrial Networking Incorporated, 3990 Freedom Circle, p.8030, 1987.

F. Inose, K. Takasugi, and M. Hiroshima, A data highway system " , Instrumentation-Technology, pp.63-67, 1971.

I. and S. I. Isa, Field bus standard for use in industrial control systems Functional Guidelines " . Various versions in 1986, 1987.

H. Kopetz, Event triggered vs time triggered real time systems, LNCS Vol, vol.563, pp.87-101, 1990.

H. Kopetz and G. Gründsteidl, TTP - A time-triggered protocol for fault-tolerant real-time systems, FTCS-23 The Twenty-Third International Symposium on Fault-Tolerant Computing, pp.1-14, 1994.
DOI : 10.1109/FTCS.1993.627355

H. Kopetz, W. Elmenreich, and C. Mack, A comparison of LIN and TTP/A, 2000 IEEE International Workshop on Factory Communication Systems. Proceedings (Cat. No.00TH8531), p.99, 2000.
DOI : 10.1109/WFCS.2000.882539

L. Lamport, Time, clocks, and the ordering of events in a distributed system, Communications of the ACM, vol.21, issue.7, pp.7-558, 1978.
DOI : 10.1145/359545.359563

N. Laurance, MMS over the three layer stack

G. and L. Lann, Distributed systems, towards a formal approach, IFIP World Congress, pp.155-160, 1977.

G. , L. Lann, and N. Rivierre, Real time communications over broadcast networks: the CSMA- DCR and the DOD/CSMA-CD protocols, RTS'94, pp.67-84
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inria-00074810

M. , L. Chavez, and M. , Fieldbus and real time MAC protocols

P. Leviti and I. 65c, part A and B, 80 pages. Tutorial on the Data Link Service Specification, Digital Data Communications for measurement and control-Fieldbus for use in industrial control systems, IEC TC65/SC65C, 1966.

P. Leviti, IEC 61158: an offence to technicians, IFAC Int. Conf. on Fieldbus Systems and their Applications, pp.9-16, 2001.

. Lonworks, Documentation Echelon Corporation, 4015 Miranda Avenue, 1995.

G. Loose, A user view of the user layer, C&I, vol.28, pp.5-60, 1996.

DOI : 10.1016/B978-0-08-042237-4.50005-6

J. Marx, MAP and EPA: on the road to connectivity, I&CS-. Dec, vol.60, issue.12, pp.28-30, 1987.

S. Mcclelland, A Hart to Hart with Rosemount " . Sensor-Review, pp.71-74, 1989.

M. J. Mcgowan, Process bus protocol orchestrates distributed or centralized control, Control- Engineering. Sept, vol.27, issue.9, pp.129-132, 1980.

G. A. Mitchell, Ethernet's in control, Control Engineering, vol.47, issue.5, pp.46-54, 2000.

H. M. Morris, Distributed system makes wide use of bubble memories " . Control-Engineering, pp.68-70, 1982.

J. A. Murphy, Token-passing protocol boosts throughput in local networks, Electronics. 8 Sept, vol.55, issue.18, pp.158-163, 1982.

N. Nakano, Time critical communication architecture in Factory automation " . IFIP Information Infrastructure Systems for Manufacturing (B-14), Yoshikawa and J. Goosenaerts. Elsevier Science B.V, pp.363-374, 1993.

N. Navet, Evaluation de performances temporelles et optimisation de l'ordonnancement de tâches et de messages, 1999.

P. Neumann, Locally distributed automation-but with which fieldbus system? " Assembly-Automation, pp.308-320, 1999.
DOI : 10.1108/01445159910295203

D. Norris, Smart Distributed System : distributed control for factory floor automation, FieldComms'95 Making the most of the fieldbus Conference Proceedings GGH Marketing Commun

M. Ochsuer and M. Schrier, To fieldbus or not to fieldbus, InTech, vol.44, pp.10-44, 1997.

J. S. Ostroff, Formal methods for the specification and design of real-time safety critical systems, Journal of Systems and Software, vol.18, issue.1, p.1992
DOI : 10.1016/0164-1212(92)90045-L

D. Pancucci, Peace breaking out on fieldbus, Manufacturing Computer Solutions, vol.5, issue.7, pp.48-51, 1999.

D. Paret and C. Fenger, The I2C bus from theory to practice (book and disk), 1997.

M. Pearson, Implementing MAP/EPA in the manufacturing cell " . FMS-Magazine, pp.15-18, 1987.

J. F. Peyrucat, Interautomaton communication via networks, p.24

T. P. Phinney, D. Brett, D. Mcgowan, and Y. Kumeda, FieldBus-Real-time comes to OSI, [1991 Proceedings] Tenth Annual International Phoenix Conference on Computers and Communications, pp.594-599, 1991.
DOI : 10.1109/PCCC.1991.113868

R. Piggin, K. Young, and R. Mclaughlin, The current fieldbus standards situation ??? a European view, Assembly Automation, vol.19, issue.4, pp.286-289, 1999.
DOI : 10.1108/01445159910295159

J. Pimentel, FIELDBUS APPLICATION LAYER: FUNCTIONALITY AND MODELS, Proc. Of the 8 th IFAC Distributed Computer Control Systems, pp.15-20, 1988.
DOI : 10.1016/B978-0-08-036938-9.50008-X

P. Pleinevaux and J. D. Decotignie, Time critical communication networks: field buses, IEEE Network, vol.2, issue.3, pp.55-63, 1988.
DOI : 10.1109/65.3274

K. Pluhar, Introducing four more new integrated distributed control systems, Control-Engineering

L. Pouzin, Virtual circuits vs. datagrams ? Technical and political problems, National Computer Conference, pp.483-494, 1976.

L. R. Qualls, Advantages of a time division multiplex data bus for remotely piloted vehicle builtin test, Proceedings of the IEEE-1976 National Aerospace and Electronics Conference, pp.203-207, 1976.

N. Raja, Static and dynamic polling mechanisms for fieldbus networks, ACM SIGOPS Operating Systems Review, vol.27, issue.3, pp.34-45, 1993.
DOI : 10.1145/155870.155875

A. Reeve and A. , Which fieldbus will you use ?and when?, Control & Instrumentation, vol.25, pp.5-67, 1993.

C. W. Rose and J. D. Schoeffler, Microcomputers in instrumentation and data acquisition systems, Analysis-instrumentation, vol.12, pp.157-163, 1974.

G. Saba, J. P. Thomesse, and Y. Q. Song, Space and time consistency qualification in a distributed communication system, Proc of IMACS/IFAC Int Symposium on Mathematical and Intelligent Models in System Simulation, pp.383-391, 1993.

T. Sauter and M. Wollschlaeger, Feldbussysteme - Historie, Eigenschaften und Entwicklungstrends, Informationstechnik und Technische Informatik, pp.7-16, 2000.
DOI : 10.1524/itit.2000.42.4.7

V. Schiffer, The CIP family of fieldbus protocols and its newest member - Ethernet/IP, ETFA 2001. 8th International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation. Proceedings (Cat. No.01TH8597), pp.377-384, 2001.
DOI : 10.1109/ETFA.2001.996391

T. H. Schwalenstocker, A process control system using multibus, Proceedings of the First Annual Control Engineering Conference, 1982.

Y. Q. Song, J. P. Simonot, and . Thomesse, Message sojourn time for TDM schemes with any buffer capacity, IEEE Trans on Communications, vol.43, pp.1013-1021, 1995.

M. Soutif, Rapport sur l'Industrie des Instruments de Mesure, Ministère de la recherche, 1982.

J. A. Stankovic, Misconceptions about real-time computing: a serious problem for next-generation systems, Computer, vol.21, issue.10, pp.10-19, 1988.
DOI : 10.1109/2.7053

K. M. Sturgis, GMs manufacturing automation protocol, Proceedings of the Conference Local-Net- 84. 10-12 Oct, pp.13-22, 1984.

J. W. Szymanski, Embedded Internet technology in process control devices, 2000 IEEE International Workshop on Factory Communication Systems. Proceedings (Cat. No.00TH8531), pp.301-308, 2000.
DOI : 10.1109/WFCS.2000.882562

J. P. Thomesse, A new set of software tools for designing and realizing distributed systems in process control " . IFAC/IFIP Workshop Real time programming, pp.47-54, 1977.

J. P. Thomesse and P. Noury, Communication models Client-server vs Producer -Distributor-Consumer. Contribution à ISO TC 184, p.2, 1989.

J. P. Thomesse and T. Lainé, The field bus application services, 15th Annual Conference of IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, pp.526-530
DOI : 10.1109/IECON.1989.69687

J. P. Thomesse, P. Lorenz, J. P. Bardinet, T. Leterrier, and . Valentin, Factory Instrumentation Protocol: model, products and tools " , Control E n g, pp.65-67, 1991.

J. P. Thomesse, Le réseau de terrain FIP, Revue Réseaux et Informatique Répartie, Hermès, vol.3, issue.3, pp.287-321, 1993.

J. P. Thomesse, Time and industrial local area networks, 1993 CompEuro Proceedings Computers in Design, Manufacturing, and Production, pp.365-375, 1993.
DOI : 10.1109/CMPEUR.1993.289851

J. P. Thomesse, A review of the fieldbuses, Annual Reviews in Control, vol.22, pp.35-45, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S1367-5788(98)00003-0

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inria-00098449

J. P. Thomesse, Fieldbuses and interoperability, Control Engineering Practice, vol.7, issue.1, pp.81-94, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0967-0661(98)00140-3

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inria-00098881

]. J. Thomesse and M. L. Chavez, Main Paradigms as a Basis for Current Fieldbus Concepts, Proceedings of the fieldbus Conference FeT'99, pp.2-15
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-7091-6421-1_1

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inria-00098782

K. Tindell, J. Burns, and . Welling, Analysis of real time communication " . The Journal of real time systems, pp.147-171, 1995.

K. Tindell, J. Burns, and . Welling, Calculating controller area network (can) message response times, Control Engineering Practice, vol.3, issue.8, pp.1163-1168, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0967-0661(95)00112-8

P. H. Troutman, A digital link for controllers and valves " . Instrumentation-Technology, pp.55-62, 1978.

Y. Tsukada, Trends in process control systems JEE-Japan-Electronic-Engineering, Feb, issue.110, pp.24-31, 1976.

]. F. Vasquez and G. Juanole, Pre-run-time schedulability analysis in Fieldbus networks, Proceedings of IECON'94, 20th Annual Conference of IEEE Industrial Electronics, pp.1200-1204
DOI : 10.1109/IECON.1994.397963

L. Vega-saenz and J. P. Thomesse, Time in distributed systems-Cooperation models and communication types " , 5th workshop on Future trends of distributed computing systems, pp.41-49, 1995.

M. Welburn, Take the bus? but don't get on the wrong one, Control and Instrumentation, vol.30, issue.8, pp.41-42, 1998.

G. G. Wood, Fieldbus services under MAP, ISATA 17th International Symposium on Automotive Technology and Automation Proceedings. Allied Autom, pp.1-9, 1987.

G. G. Wood, Survey of LANs and standards, Computer standards and interfaces, pp.27-36, 1987.
DOI : 10.1016/0920-5489(87)90042-0

G. G. Wood, Current fieldbus activities, Computer Communications, vol.11, issue.3, pp.118-123
DOI : 10.1016/0140-3664(88)90058-8

G. G. Wood, International standards emerging for fieldbus, Control Engineering, vol.35, issue.10, pp.2-22

H. Zimmermann, OSI Reference Model--The ISO Model of Architecture for Open Systems Interconnection, IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol.28, issue.4, pp.425-432
DOI : 10.1109/TCOM.1980.1094702