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A Generic Calibration Concept : Theory and Algorithms

Peter Sturm 1 Srikumar Ramalingam
1 MOVI - Modeling, localization, recognition and interpretation in computer vision
GRAVIR - IMAG - Laboratoire d'informatique GRAphique, VIsion et Robotique de Grenoble, Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : FR71
Abstract : We present a theory and algorithms for a generic calibration concept that is based on the following recently introduced general imaging model. An image is considered as a collection of pixels, and each pixel measures the light traveling along a (half-) ray in 3-space associated with that pixel. Calibration is the determination, in some common coordinate system, of the coordinates of all pixels' rays. This model encompasses most projection models used in computer vision or photogrammetry, including perspective and affine models, optical distortion models, stereo systems, or catadioptric systems, central (single viewpoint) as well as non-central ones. We propose a concept for calibrating this general imaging model, based on several views of objects with known structure, but which are acquired from unknown viewpoints. It allows to calibrate cameras of any of the types contained in the general imaging model using one and the same algorithm. We first develop the theory and an algorithm for the most general case: a non-central camera that observes 3D calibration objects. This is then specialized to the case of central cameras and to the use of planar calibration objects. For calibrated images, we have also demonstrated the applications in perspective view synthesis, epipolar curve analysis and structure from motion algorithms. The validity of the concept is shown by experiments with synthetic and real data.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 23, 2006 - 5:50:56 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 28, 2022 - 12:34:02 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, April 4, 2010 - 10:22:18 PM


  • HAL Id : inria-00071525, version 1



Peter Sturm, Srikumar Ramalingam. A Generic Calibration Concept : Theory and Algorithms. RR-5058, INRIA. 2003. ⟨inria-00071525⟩



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