Performance Analysis of Finite Load Sources in 802.11b Multirate Environments

Gion Reno Cantieni 1 Qiang Ni 1 Chadi Barakat 1 Thierry Turletti 1
1 PLANETE - Protocols and applications for the Internet
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée
Abstract : Automatic rate adaptation in CSMA wireless networks may cause drastic throughput degradation for high speed bit rate stations (STAs). The CSMA/CA medium access method guarantees equal long-term channel access probability to all hosts when they are saturated. In previous work it has been shown that the saturation throughput of any STA is limited by the saturation throughput of the STA with the lowest bit rate in the same infrastructure. In order to overcome this problem, we first introduce in this paper a new model for finite load sources with multirate capabilities. We use our model to investigate the throughput degradation outside and inside the saturation regime. We define a new fairness index based on the channel occupation time to have more suitable definition of fairness in multirate environments. Further, we propose two simple but powerful mechanisms to partly bypass the observed decline in performance and meet the proposed fairness. Finally, we use our model for finite load sources to evaluate our proposed mechanisms in terms of total throughput and MAC layer delay for various network configurations.
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Gion Reno Cantieni, Qiang Ni, Chadi Barakat, Thierry Turletti. Performance Analysis of Finite Load Sources in 802.11b Multirate Environments. [Research Report] RR-4881, INRIA. 2003. ⟨inria-00071702⟩

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