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The Chip Problem

Abstract : The ``chip problem'' is a fault diagnosis problem in which we must determine which components (chips) in a system are defective, assuming the majority of them are good. Chips are tested as follows: Take two chips, say $x$ and $y$, and have $x$ report whether $y$ is good or bad. If $x$ is good, the answer is correct, but if $x$ is bad, the answer is unreliable and can be either wrong with probability $\alpha$ or right with probability $1-\alpha$. We show that the chip problem is closely related to a modified majority problem in the {\em worst case} and use this fact to obtain upper and lower bounds on algorithms for the chip problem. We show the limits of this relationship by showing that algorithms for the chip problem can violate lower bounds on {\em average performance} for the modified majority problem and we give an algorithm for the ``biased chip'' problem (in which $p$ is the probability that a chip is bad) whose average performance is better than the average cost of the best algorithm for the biased majority problem.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 26, 2006 - 8:22:14 AM
Last modification on : Friday, February 4, 2022 - 3:32:40 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, November 25, 2016 - 11:46:12 AM


  • HAL Id : inria-00098739, version 1



Laurent Alonso, Philippe Chassaing, Edward M. Reingold, René Schott. The Chip Problem. [Intern report] 98-R-372 || alonso98a, 1998, 28 p. ⟨inria-00098739⟩



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