I. Guyon, R. Haralick, J. Hull, and I. Phillips, Database and benchmarking Handbook of Character Recognition and Document Image Analysis, World Scientific, vol.30, pp.779-799, 1997.

R. Wilkinson, J. Geist, S. Janet, P. Grother, C. Burges et al., The first census optical character recognition systems conf, Bureau of Census and the National Institute of Standards and Technology, 1992.

J. Hull, A database for handwritten text recognition research, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol.16, issue.5, pp.550-554, 1994.
DOI : 10.1109/34.291440

C. Y. Suen, C. Nadal, R. Legault, T. Mai, and L. Lam, Computer recognition of unconstrained handwritten numerals, Proc. of the IEEE, pp.1162-1180, 1992.
DOI : 10.1109/5.156477

I. Guyon, L. Schomaker, R. Plamondon, M. Liberman, and S. Janet, UNIPEN project of on-line data exchange and recognizer benchmarks, Proceedings of the 12th IAPR International Conference on Pattern Recognition (Cat. No.94CH3440-5), pp.29-33, 1994.
DOI : 10.1109/ICPR.1994.576870

Y. Al-ohali, M. Cheriet, and C. Y. Suen, Databases for recognition of handwritten Arabic cheques, Proceedings of the Seventh Int. Workshop on Frontiers in Handwritten Recognition, pp.601-606, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0031-3203(02)00064-X

F. Jelinek, SELF-ORGANIZED LANGUAGE MODELING FOR SPEECH RECOGNITION, Readings in Speech Recognition, pp.450-506, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/B978-0-08-051584-7.50045-0

. Bang, Handwritten Korean character image database PE92, Proceedings of the Second Int. Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, pp.470-473, 1993.

C. Lilley and . Png, Portable Network Graphics) The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), Details available at http://www

N. Otsu, A Threshold Selection Method from Gray-Level Histograms, IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, vol.9, issue.1, pp.62-66, 1979.
DOI : 10.1109/TSMC.1979.4310076

J. S. Lim, Two-Dimensional Signal and Image Processing, pp.469-476, 1990.

H. Soltanzadeh and M. Rahmati, Recognition of Persian handwritten digits using image profiles of multiple orientations, Pattern Recognition Letters, vol.25, issue.14, pp.1569-1576, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.patrec.2004.05.014

C. J. Burges, A tutorial on support vector machines for pattern recognition, Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, vol.2, issue.2, pp.121-167, 1998.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1009715923555

C. Chang and C. Lin, LIBSVM, ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology, vol.2, issue.3, 2001.
DOI : 10.1145/1961189.1961199

J. , C. Y. S-uen, and T. D. Ui, Application of Support Vector Machines for Recognition of Handwritten A rabic/P ersian D igits, P roceedings of the S econd Conference on Machine Vision and Image Processing & Applications (MVIP2003), pp.300-307, 2003.