Analysing viewpoints in design through the argumentation process

Géraldine Martin 1 Françoise Détienne 2 Elisabeth Lavigne 1
2 EIFFEL2 - Cognition and Cooperation in Design
Inria Paris-Rocquencourt, CNAM - Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers [CNAM]
Abstract : We present an empirical study aimed at analysing the use of viewpoints in an industrial Concurrent Engineering context. Our focus is on the viewpoints expressed in the argumentative process taking place in evaluation meetings. Our results show that arguments enabling a viewpoint or proposal to be defended are often characterized by the use of constraints. Firstly, we show that, even if some constraints are apparently identically used by the different specialists involved in meetings, various meanings and weightings are associated with these constraints by these different specialists. Secondly, we show that the implicit or explicit nature of constraints depends on several interlocutive factors. Thirdly, we show that an argument often covers not only one constraint but a network of constraints. The type of combination reflects viewpoints which have specific status in the meeting. Then, we will propose a first model of the dynamics of viewpoints confrontation/integration.
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Communication dans un congrès
M. Hirose. 8th TC13 IFIP International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction - INTERACT 2001, Jul 2001, Tokyo / Japan, France. IOS Press, pp.521-529, 2001, Human-Computer Interaction: INTERACT '01
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Géraldine Martin, Françoise Détienne, Elisabeth Lavigne. Analysing viewpoints in design through the argumentation process. M. Hirose. 8th TC13 IFIP International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction - INTERACT 2001, Jul 2001, Tokyo / Japan, France. IOS Press, pp.521-529, 2001, Human-Computer Interaction: INTERACT '01. 〈inria-00118247v2〉

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