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A new principle for information storage in an enzymatic pathway model.

Bruno Delord 1, * Hugues Berry 2 Emmanuel Guigon 1 Stéphane Genet 1
* Corresponding author
2 ALCHEMY - Architectures, Languages and Compilers to Harness the End of Moore Years
LRI - Laboratoire de Recherche en Informatique, UP11 - Université Paris-Sud - Paris 11, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR8623, Inria Saclay - Ile de France
Abstract : Strong experimental evidence indicates that protein kinase and phosphatase (KP) cycles are critical to both the induction and maintenance of activity-dependent modifications in neurons. However, their contribution to information storage remains controversial, despite impressive modeling efforts. For instance, plasticity models based on KP cycles do not account for the maintenance of plastic modifications. Moreover, bistable KP cycle models that display memory fail to capture essential features of information storage: rapid onset, bidirectional control, graded amplitude, and finite lifetimes. Here, we show in a biophysical model that upstream activation of KP cycles, a ubiquitous mechanism, is sufficient to provide information storage with realistic induction and maintenance properties: plastic modifications are rapid, bidirectional, and graded, with finite lifetimes that are compatible with animal and human memory. The maintenance of plastic modifications relies on negligible reaction rates in basal conditions and thus depends on enzyme nonlinearity and activation properties of the activity-dependent KP cycle. Moreover, we show that information coding and memory maintenance are robust to stochastic fluctuations inherent to the molecular nature of activity-dependent KP cycle operation. This model provides a new principle for information storage where plasticity and memory emerge from a single dynamic process whose rate is controlled by neuronal activity. This principle strongly departs from the long-standing view that memory reflects stable steady states in biological systems, and offers a new perspective on memory in animals and humans.
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Bruno Delord, Hugues Berry, Emmanuel Guigon, Stéphane Genet. A new principle for information storage in an enzymatic pathway model.. PLoS Computational Biology, Public Library of Science, 2007, 3 (6), pp.e124. ⟨10.1371/journal.pcbi.0030124⟩. ⟨inria-00149083⟩

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