A. , E. G. Eden, H. Fischer, G. Gorman, A. Scharff et al., Beyond access: Informed participation and empowerment, Int. Conf. on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL'99), pp.20-32, 1999.

M. J. Baker, M. Quignard, K. Lund, and A. Sejourne, Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning in the Space of Debate, Int. Conf. on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL'03), pp.11-20, 2003.
DOI : 10.1007/978-94-017-0195-2_4

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inria-00099838

J. Bruner, Child talk: Learning to use language, 1983.

C. , A. Hermann, T. Kienle, A. Menold, and N. , Improving the Coordination of Collaborative Learning with Process Models, Int. Conf. on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL'05), pp.18-27, 2005.

C. , H. H. Brennan, and S. A. , Grounding in communication. Perspectives on socially shared cognition, 1991.

C. , H. Schaefer, and E. , Contributing to Discourse, Cognitive Science, vol.13, pp.259-294, 1989.

C. , D. Greenberg, and S. , Supporting collaborative interpretation in distributed Groupware, Int. Conf. on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW'00), pp.289-298, 2000.

D. , P. , and C. Sig-de-kaleidoscope, Dual Interaction Spaces, 2005.

D. , P. Tchounikine, and P. , Flexibility in macro-scripts for computer-supported collaborative learning, Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, vol.23, pp.1-13, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00190828

D. , P. Traum, and D. , Does a shared screen make a shared solution? Int, Conf. on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL'99), pp.127-135, 1999.

D. , Q. Gross, and M. D. , Collaborative Design with NetDraw, Int. Conf. on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures (CAAD'99), pp.213-226, 1999.

F. , C. Komis, V. Avouris, and N. , Design of collaboration-support tools for group problem solving, 2001.

F. , H. Pimentel, M. Pereira-de-lucena, and C. J. , R-U-Typing-2-Me? Evolving a chat tool to increase understanding in learning activities, ijcscl, pp.117-142, 2006.

G. , D. Mineo, and S. , A graphical annotation platform for Web-based e-learning. Int, Conf. on Multimedia and Information and Communication Technologies in Education (m-ICTE'05), pp.1255-1260, 2005.

H. , E. Korhonen, and K. , Guidelines for teacher training and technical and pedagogical support. ITCOLE teacher training and consulting model, 2002.

H. , S. Pendergast, M. Greenberg, and S. , Implementing Gesturing with Cursors in Group Support Systems, Journal of Management Information Systems, vol.10, pp.42-61, 1994.

I. , A. L. Hathorn, and L. G. , Methods for Analyzing Collaboration in Online Communications, Online collaborative learning: theory and practice, Hershey, Idea Group Inc, pp.215-241, 2004.

J. , P. Dillenbourg, and P. , Elaborating new arguments through a cscl scenario Arguing to Learn: Confronting Cognitions in Computer ? Supported Collaborative Learning Environments, CSCL Series, Kluwer, pp.205-226, 2003.

J. , D. H. Rohrer-murphy, and L. , Activity Theory as a Framework for Designing Constructivist Learning Environments, Educational Technology, Research and Development, vol.47, issue.1, pp.61-79, 1999.

J. , C. Dirckinck-holmfeld, L. Lindstrom, and B. , A Relational, Indirect, Meso-Level Approach to CSCL Design in the Next Decade, ijcscl, pp.35-56, 2007.

K. , W. Rittel, and H. , Issues as Elements of Information Systems, 1970.

L. , M. Law, and N. , Peer Scaffolding of Knowledge Building Through Collaborative Groups with Differential Learning Experiences, Journal of Educational Computing Research, vol.35, issue.2, pp.123-144, 2006.

L. , J. Wenger, and E. , Situated learning-legitimate peripheral participation, 1991.

M. , Y. Hoeksema, K. Hoppe, H. U. Harrer, and A. , CSCL Scripts: Modelling Features and Potential Use, Int. Conf. on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL'05), pp.423-432, 2005.

M. , M. Wessner, and M. , Explicit Referencing in Chat Supports Collaborative Learning, Int. Conf. on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL'05), pp.460-469, 2005.

M. , M. Stahl, and G. , The integration of synchronous communication across dual interaction spaces, Int. Conf. on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL'07), 2007.

M. , B. A. Chuang, Y. S. Tjandra, M. Chen, M. C. Lee et al., Floor Control in a Highly Collaborative Co-Located Task, 2000.

N. , I. Takeuchi, and H. , The knowledge-creating company: How Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation, pp.61-85, 1995.

O. , A. Dansereau, and D. , Scripted cooperation in student dyads: A method for analyzing and enhancing academic learning and performance. Interaction in cooperative groups -the theoretical anatomy of group learning, pp.120-141, 1992.

P. , S. Lipponen, L. Hakkaranein, and K. , Epistemological foundations for CSCL: A comparison of three models of innovative knowledge communities, Int. Conf. on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL'02), pp.24-32, 2002.

P. , H. Muhlpfordt, and M. , Supporting discourse in a synchronous learning environment: The learning protocol approach, Int. Conf. on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL'02), pp.581-589, 2002.

P. , S. Kolodner, and J. L. , Toward implementing distributed scaffolding: Helping students learn science from design, Journal of Research in Science Teaching, vol.42, issue.2, pp.185-217, 2005.

Q. , C. Reiser, B. J. Davis, E. A. Krajcik, J. Fretz et al., A scaffolding design framework for software to support science inquiry, Journal of the Learning Sciences, vol.13, issue.3, pp.337-386, 2004.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00699773

S. , P. Harris, A. Schlager, and M. , Painting a Landscape onto TAPPED IN 2, CSCW Workshop on The Role of Place in Virtual Communities, 2002.

S. , K. Bannon, and L. , Taking CSCW Seriously. Supporting Articulation Work, Journal of Computer Supported Cooperative Work, pp.7-40, 1992.

S. , D. Synteta, P. Frete, and C. , Community, Content and Collaboration Management Systems in Education: a new chance for socio-constructivist scenarios, Int. Conf. on Information and Communication Technologies in Education (ICTE'02), 2002.

S. , J. Mccarthy, J. Harr, and R. , A comparison of chat and audio in media rich environments, Int. Conf. on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW'06), pp.323-332, 2006.

S. , E. Krajcik, J. S. Blumenfeld, P. Marx, and R. W. , Technological Support For Teachers Transitioning to Project-Based Science Practices, CSCL: Theory and Practice of an Emerging Paradigm, 1996.

S. , G. Koschmann, T. Suthers, and D. , Computer-supported collaborative learning: An historical perspective, Cambridge Handbook of the Learning Sciences, 2006.

S. , D. Girardeau, L. Hundhausen, and C. , Deictic Roles of External Representations in Face-to-face and Online Collaboration, Int. Conf. on Computer Support for Collaborative Learning (CSCL'03), pp.173-182, 2003.

V. Joolingen, W. De-jong, T. Lazonder, A. Savelsbergh, E. Man-love et al., Co-Lab: research and development of an online learning environment for collaborative scientific discovery learning, Computers in Human Behavior, vol.21, issue.4, pp.671-688, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.chb.2004.10.039

V. , D. Jeantet, and A. , Mediating and Commissioning Objects in the Socio technical Process of Product Design: a conceptual approach, Designs, Networks and Strategies, COST Social Science Series, 1995.

W. , M. Pfister, H. Miao, and Y. , Using learning protocols to structure computer-supported cooperative learning, World Conf. on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia & Telecommunications (ED-MEDIA'99), pp.471-476, 1999.

L. Jacques, L. Chercheur-au, I. Dans-le-projet, and . Ecoo, Environnements pour la COOpération) Ses centres d'intérêt sont le travail et l'apprentissage collaboratif, la construction d'environnements génériques paramétrés par des modèles

L. Jacques and U. Cadre, conceptuel et logiciel pour la construction d'environnements d'apprentissage collaboratifs, Revue STICEF, 2007.