Degree-Constrained Subgraph Problems: Hardness and Approximation Results

Abstract : A general instance of a Degree-Constrained Subgraph problem consists of an edge-weighted or vertex-weighted graph G and the objective is to find an optimal weighted subgraph, subject to certain degree constraints on the vertices of the subgraph. This paper considers three natural Degree-Constrained Subgraph problems and studies their behavior in terms of approximation algorithms. These problems take as input an undirected graph G=(V,E), with |V|=n and |E|=m. Our results, together with the definition of the three problems, are listed below. 1- The Maximum Degree-Bounded Connected Subgraph (MDBCS_d) problem takes as input a weight function w: E -> R+ and an integer d>1, and asks for a subset of edges E' such that the subgraph G'=(V,E') is connected, has maximum degree at most d, and the total edge-weight is maximized. We prove that MDBCS_d is not in APX for any d>1 (this was known only for d=2) and we provide a min{m/log n, nd/2log n}-approximation algorithm for unweighted graphs, and a min{n/2,m/d}-approximation algorithm for weighted graphs. 2- The Minimum Subgraph of Minimum Degree d (MSMD_d) problem consists in finding a smallest subgraph of G (in terms of number of vertices) with minimum degree at least d. For d=2 it corresponds to finding a shortest cycle of the graph. We prove that MSMD_d is not in APX for any d>2 and we provide an n/logn-approximation algorithm for the classes of graphs excluding a fixed graph as a minor, using dynamic programming techniques and a known structural result on graph minors. 3- The Dual Degree-Dense k-Subgraph (DDDkS) problem consists in finding a subgraph H of G such that |V(H)|
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[Research Report] RR-6690, INRIA. 2008
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Omid Amini, David Peleg, Stéphane Pérennes, Saket Saurabh. Degree-Constrained Subgraph Problems: Hardness and Approximation Results. [Research Report] RR-6690, INRIA. 2008. 〈inria-00331747〉

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