Fast Data Gathering in Radio Grid Networks

Jean-Claude Bermond 1 Nicolas Nisse 1 Patricio Reyes 1 Hervé Rivano 1
1 MASCOTTE - Algorithms, simulation, combinatorics and optimization for telecommunications
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , Laboratoire I3S - COMRED - COMmunications, Réseaux, systèmes Embarqués et Distribués
Abstract : The aim of this paper is to design efficient gathering algorithms (data collection) in a Base Station of a wireless multi hop grid network when interferences constraints are present. We suppose the time is slotted and that during one time slot (step) each node can transmit to one of its neighbor at most one data item. Each device is equipped with a half duplex interface; so a node cannot both receive and transmit simultaneously. During a step only non interfering transmissions can be done. In other words, the non interfering calls done during a step will form a matching. The aim is to minimize the number of steps needed to send all messages to the base station, a.k.a. makespan or completion time. The best known algorithm for grids was a multiplicative 1.5-approximation algorithm. In such topologies, we give a very simple +2 approximation algorithm and then a more involved +1 approximation algorithm. Moreover, our algorithms work when no buffering is allowed in intermediary nodes, i.e., when a node receives a message at some step, it must transmit it during the next step.
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Jean-Claude Bermond, Nicolas Nisse, Patricio Reyes, Hervé Rivano. Fast Data Gathering in Radio Grid Networks. [Research Report] RR-6851, INRIA. 2009. ⟨inria-00363908v4⟩

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