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Calibration of 3D kinematic systems using orthogonality constraints

Tomislav Pribanić 1 Peter Sturm 2 Mario Cifrek 1 
2 PERCEPTION - Interpretation and Modelling of Images and Videos
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, LJK - Laboratoire Jean Kuntzmann, Grenoble INP - Institut polytechnique de Grenoble - Grenoble Institute of Technology
Abstract : Processing images acquired by multi-camera systems is nowadays an effective and convenient way of performing 3D reconstruction. The basic output, i.e. the 3Dlocation of points, can easily be further processed to also acquire information about additional kinematic data: velocity and acceleration. Hence,many such reconstruction systems are referred to as 3D kinematic systems and are very broadly used, among other tasks, for human motion analysis. A prerequisite for the actual reconstruction of the unknown points is the calibration of the multi-camera system. At present, many popular 3D kinematic systems offer so-called wand calibration, using a rigid bar with attached markers, which is from the end user's point of view preferred over many traditional methods. During this work a brief criticism on different calibration strategies is given and typical calibration approaches for 3Dkinematic systems are explained. In addition, alternativeways of calibration are proposed, especially for the initialization stage. More specifically, the proposed methods rely not only on the enforcement of known distances between markers, but also on the orthogonality of two or three rigidly linked wands. Besides, the proposed ideas utilize common present calibration tools and shorten the typical calibration procedure. The obtained reconstruction accuracy is quite comparable with that obtained by commercial 3D kinematic systems.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 14, 2009 - 4:57:17 PM
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Tomislav Pribanić, Peter Sturm, Mario Cifrek. Calibration of 3D kinematic systems using orthogonality constraints. Machine Vision and Applications, 2007, 18 (6), pp.367-381. ⟨10.1007/s00138-007-0068-0⟩. ⟨inria-00384282⟩



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