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Oenococcus oeni genome plasticity is associated with fitness

Abstract : Oenococcus oeni strains are well-known for their considerable phenotypic variations in terms of tolerance to harsh wine conditions and malolactic activity. Genomic subtractive hybridization (SH) between two isolates with differing enological potentials was used to elucidate the genetic bases of this intraspecies diversity and identify novel genes involved in adaptation to wine. SH revealed 182 tester-specific fragments corresponding to 126 open reading frames (ORFs). A large proportion of the chromosome-related ORFs resembled genes involved in carbohydrate transport and metabolism, cell wall/membrane/envelope biogenesis, and replication, recombination, and repair. Six regions of genomic plasticity were identified, and their analysis suggested that both limited recombination and insertion/deletion events contributed to the vast genomic diversity observed in O. oeni. The association of selected sequences with adaptation to wine was further assessed by screening a large collection of strains using PCR. No sequences were found to be specific to highly performing (HP) strains alone. However, there was a statistically significant positive association between HP strains and the presence of eight gene sequences located on regions 2, 4, and 5. Gene expression patterns were significantly modified in HP strains, following exposure to one or more of the common stresses in wines. Regions 2 and 5 showed no traces of mobile elements and had normal GC content. In contrast, region 4 had the typical hallmarks of horizontal transfer, suggesting that the strategy of acquiring genes from other bacteria enhances the fitness of O. oeni strains.
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https://hal.inria.fr/inria-00392015
Contributor : Elisabeth Bon <>
Submitted on : Friday, June 5, 2009 - 12:55:52 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 5:52:09 PM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : inria-00392015, version 1
  • PUBMED : 19218413

Citation

Elisabeth Bon, Arnaud Delaherche, Eric Bilhere, Antoine de Daruvar, Aline Lonvaud-Funel, et al.. Oenococcus oeni genome plasticity is associated with fitness. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, American Society for Microbiology, 2009, 75 (7), pp.2079-90. ⟨inria-00392015⟩

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