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Landscape regularity modelling for environmental challenges in agriculture

El Ghali Lazrak 1, * Jean-Francois Mari 2 Benoît Marc 1
* Corresponding author
2 ORPAILLEUR - Knowledge representation, reasonning
INRIA Lorraine, LORIA - Laboratoire Lorrain de Recherche en Informatique et ses Applications
Abstract : In agricultural landscapes, methods to identify and describe meaningful landscape patterns play an important role to understand the interaction between landscape organization and ecological processes. We propose an innovative stochastic modelling method of agricultural landscape organization where the temporal regularities in land-use are first identified through recognized Land-Use Successions (LUS) before locating these successions in landscapes. These time-space regularities within landscapes are extracted using a new data mining method based on Hidden Markov Models. We applied this methodological proposal to the Niort Plain (West of France). We built a temporo-spatial analysis for this case study through spatially explicit analysis of Land Use Succession (LUS) dynamics. Implications and perspectives of such an approach, which links together the temporal and the spatial dimensions of the agricultural organization, are discussed by assessing the relationship between the agricultural landscape patterns defined using this approach and ecological data through an illustrative example of bird nests.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 25, 2009 - 4:43:34 PM
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El Ghali Lazrak, Jean-Francois Mari, Benoît Marc. Landscape regularity modelling for environmental challenges in agriculture. Landscape Ecology, Springer Verlag, 2009, Landscape Ecology, 25 (2), pp.169-183. ⟨10.1007/s10980-009-9399-8⟩. ⟨inria-00419952⟩

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