B. Benmiloud and W. Pieczynski, Estimation des paramètres dans les cha??nescha??nes de Markov cachés et segmentation d'images, Traitement du signal, vol.12, pp.433-454, 1995.

M. Beno??tbeno??t, C. Mignolet, and S. Herrmann, Landscape as designed by farming systems : a challenge for landscape agronomists in Europe In : Farming Systems Design 2007, Methodologies for Integrated Analysis of Farm Production Systems, pp.10-12, 2007.

M. Beno??tbeno??t and F. Papy, Pratiques Agricoles et qualité de l'eau sur le territoire alimentant un captage, 1997.

S. Butler, J. Vickery, and K. Norris, Farmland Biodiversity and the Footprint of Agriculture, Science, vol.315, issue.5810, pp.381-384, 2007.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1136607

M. Castellazzi, G. Wood, and P. Burgess, A systematic representation of crop rotations, Agricultural Systems, vol.97, issue.1-2, pp.26-33, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.agsy.2007.10.006

D. Koning, G. Verburg, P. Veldkamp, and A. , Multi-scale modelling of land use change dynamics in Ecuador, Agricultural Systems, vol.61, issue.2, pp.77-93, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0308-521X(99)00039-6

P. Donald, R. Green, and M. Heath, Agricultural intensification and the collapse of Europe's farmland bird populations, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol.268, issue.1462, pp.25-29, 2001.
DOI : 10.1098/rspb.2000.1325

S. Fine, Y. Singer, and N. Tishby, The Hierarchical Hidden Markov Model : Analysis and Applications, Machine Learning, vol.32, issue.1, pp.41-62, 1998.
DOI : 10.1023/A:1007469218079

R. Forman, M. Godron, . Rm, B. Devereux, S. Gillings et al., Landscape ecology Indices of bird-habitat preference from field surveys of birds and remote sensing of land cover : a study of south-eastern England with wider implications for conservation and biodiversity assessment, Global Ecology and Biogeography, vol.14, pp.223-240, 1986.

C. Girard, M. Beno??tbeno??t, D. Vaubernier, and E. , SPOT HRV data to discriminate grassland quality, International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol.48, issue.12, pp.2253-2267, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0034-4257(86)90019-2

D. Glenn-lewin and E. Van-der-maarel, Patterns and processes of vegetation dynamics (eds) Plant Succession : Theory and Prediction, pp.11-44, 1992.

R. Hughey and A. Krogh, Hidden Markov models for sequence analysis: extension and analysis of the basic method, Bioinformatics, vol.12, issue.2, pp.95-107, 1996.
DOI : 10.1093/bioinformatics/12.2.95

F. Jelinek, Continuous speech recognition by statistical methods, Proceedings of the IEEE, vol.64, issue.4, pp.532-556, 1976.
DOI : 10.1109/PROC.1976.10159

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=

E. Landais, Typologies d'exploitations agricoles. Nouvelles questions, nouvelles m??thodes, ??conomie rurale, vol.236, issue.1, pp.3-15, 1996.
DOI : 10.3406/ecoru.1996.4819

L. Ber, F. Beno??tbeno??t, and M. , Modelling the spatial organization of land use in a farming territory. Example of a village in the Plateau Lorrain, Agronomie, vol.18, issue.2, pp.103-115, 1998.
DOI : 10.1051/agro:19980201

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00885873

L. Ber, F. Beno??tbeno??t, M. Schott, and C. , Studying crop sequences with CarrotAge, a HMM-based data mining software, Ecological Modelling, vol.191, issue.1, pp.170-185, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2005.08.031

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00017169

S. Leisz, T. Ha, N. Bich-yen, and N. , Developing a methodology for identifying, mapping and potentially monitoring the distribution of general farming system types in Vietnam???s northern mountain region, Agricultural Systems, vol.85, issue.3, pp.340-363, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.agsy.2005.06.015

J. Mari, L. Ber, and F. , Temporal and spatial data mining with second-order hidden markov models, Soft Computing, vol.10, issue.5, pp.406-414, 2006.
DOI : 10.1007/s00500-005-0501-0

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inria-00099573

J. Mari, J. Haton, and . Kriouile, Automatic word recognition based on second-order hidden Markov models, IEEE Transactions on Speech and Audio Processing, vol.5, issue.1, pp.22-25, 1997.
DOI : 10.1109/89.554265

C. Mignolet and M. Beno??tbeno??t, Réflexions sur une segmentation régionale selon la diversité des systèmes techniques agricoles -Cas de la plaine des Vosges, Géomatique, vol.11, pp.177-190, 2001.

C. Mignolet, C. Schott, and M. Beno??tbeno??t, Spatial dynamics of farming practices in the Seine basin: Methods for agronomic approaches on a regional scale, Science of The Total Environment, vol.375, issue.1-3, pp.13-32, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2006.12.004

A. Moonen and P. B?rberi, Functional biodiversity: An agroecosystem approach, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, vol.127, issue.1-2, pp.7-21499, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.agee.2008.02.013

R. Peet, D. Glenn-lewin, and T. Veblen, Plant Succession : Theory and Prediction. Chapman & Hall Perrot C (1990) Typologie d'exploitations construite par agrégation autour de p TM les définisdéfinis?définis?dire d'experts. Proposition méthodologique et premiers résultats obtenus en Haute-Marne, Prod Anim, vol.3, pp.51-66, 1992.

I. Poudevigne and D. Alard, Landscape and Agricultural Patterns in Rural Areas: a Case Study in the Brionne Basin, Normandy, France, Journal of Environmental Management, vol.50, issue.4, pp.335-349, 1997.
DOI : 10.1006/jema.1997.0134

B. Retho, C. Gaucherel, and P. Inchausti, Spatially explicit population dynamics of Pterostichus Melanarius I11. (Coleoptera : Carabidae) in response to changes in the composition and configuration of agricultural landscapes, Landscape and Urban Planning, vol.84, pp.191-199, 2008.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00320996

R. Robinson and W. Sutherland, Post-war changes in arable farming and biodiversity in Great Britain, Journal of Applied Ecology, vol.39, issue.1, pp.157-176, 2002.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-2664.2002.00695.x

M. Salamolard, Utilisation de l'espace par le Busard cendré Circus pygargus. Superficie et distribution des zones de chasse, Alauda, vol.65, pp.307-320, 1997.

M. Sebillotte, Agronomie et agriculture. Essai d'analyse des tâches de l'agronome. Cahiers de l, ORSTOM, vol.24, pp.3-25, 1974.

M. Turner, Spatial and temporal analysis of landscape patterns, Landscape Ecology, vol.45, issue.3/4, pp.21-30, 1990.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02573948

M. Turner, Landscape Ecology: What Is the State of the Science?, Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, vol.36, issue.1, pp.319-344, 2005.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.36.102003.152614

M. Usher, Statistical models of succession, 1992.

D. Lewin, Plant Succession : Theory and Prediction, pp.215-246

A. Veldkamp and L. Fresco, Reconstructing land use drivers and their spatial scale dependence for Costa Rica (1973 and 1984), Agricultural Systems, vol.55, issue.1, pp.19-431, 1973.
DOI : 10.1016/S0308-521X(95)00080-O

P. Verburg and A. Veldkamp, The role of spatially explicit models in land-use change research: a case study for cropping patterns in China, Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, vol.85, issue.1-3, pp.177-190, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0167-8809(01)00184-0

L. Welch, Hidden markov models and the baum-welch algorithm, 2003.