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Improved Signal-to-Noise Ratio Estimation for Speech Enhancement

Cyril Plapous 1 Claude Marro 1 Pascal Scalart 2
2 R2D2 - Reconfigurable and Retargetable Digital Devices
IRISA - Institut de Recherche en Informatique et Systèmes Aléatoires, INRIA Rennes, ENSSAT - École Nationale Supérieure des Sciences Appliquées et de Technologie
Abstract : This paper addresses the problem of single microphone speech enhancement in noisy environments. State-of-the-art short-time noise reduction techniques are most often expressed as a spectral gain depending on the Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR). The well-known decision-directed (DD) approach drastically limits the level of musical noise but the estimated a priori SNR is biased since it depends on the speech spectrum estimation in the previous frame. Therefore the gain function matches the previous frame rather than the current one which degrades the noise reduction performance. The consequence of this bias is an annoying reverberation effect. We propose a method called Two-Step Noise Reduction (TSNR) technique which solves this problem while maintaining the benefits of the decision-directed approach. The estimation of the a priori SNR is refined by a second step to remove the bias of the DD approach, thus removing the reverberation effect. However, classic short-time noise reduction techniques, including TSNR, introduce harmonic distortion in enhanced speech because of the unreliability of estimators for small signal-to-noise ratios. This is mainly due to the difficult task of noise PSD estimation in single microphone schemes. To overcome this problem, we propose a method called Harmonic Regeneration Noise Reduction (HRNR). A non-linearity is used to regenerate the degraded harmonics of the distorted signal in an efficient way. The resulting artificial signal is produced in order to refine the a priori SNR used to compute a spectral gain able to preserve the speech harmonics. These methods are analyzed and objective and formal subjective test results between HRNR and TSNR techniques are provided. A significant improvement is brought by HRNR compared to TSNR thanks to the preservation of harmonics.
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Cyril Plapous, Claude Marro, Pascal Scalart. Improved Signal-to-Noise Ratio Estimation for Speech Enhancement. IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech and Language Processing, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2006. ⟨inria-00450766⟩

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