Long non-crossing configurations in the plane

Abstract : We revisit several maximization problems for geometric networks design under the non-crossing constraint, first studied by Alon, Rajagopalan and Suri (ACM Symposium on Computational Geometry, 1993). Given a set of $n$ points in the plane in general position (no three points collinear), compute a longest non-crossing configuration composed of straight line segments that is: (a) a matching (b) a Hamiltonian path (c) a spanning tree. Here we obtain new results for (b) and (c), as well as for the Hamiltonian cycle problem: (i) For the longest non-crossing Hamiltonian path problem, we give an approximation algorithm with ratio $\frac{2}{\pi+1} \approx 0.4829$. The previous best ratio, due to Alon et al., was $1/\pi \approx 0.3183$. Moreover, the ratio of our algorithm is close to $2/\pi$ on a relatively broad class of instances: for point sets whose perimeter (or diameter) is much shorter than the maximum length matching. The algorithm runs in $O(n^{7/3}\log{n})$ time. (ii) For the longest non-crossing spanning tree problem, we give an approximation algorithm with ratio 0.502 which runs in $O(n \log{n})$ time. The previous ratio, 1/2, due to Alon et al., was achieved by a quadratic time algorithm. Along the way, we first re-derive the result of Alon et al. with a faster $O(n \log{n})$-time algorithm and a very simple analysis. (iii) For the longest non-crossing Hamiltonian cycle problem, we give an approximation algorithm whose ratio is close to $2/\pi$ on a relatively broad class of instances: for point sets with the product $\bf{<}$diameter$\times$ convex hull size $\bf{>}$ much smaller than the maximum length matching. The algorithm runs in $O(n^{7/3}\log{n})$ time. No previous approximation results were known for this problem.
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Adrian Dumitrescu, Csaba D. Tóth. Long non-crossing configurations in the plane. 27th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science - STACS 2010, Inria Nancy Grand Est & Loria, Mar 2010, Nancy, France. pp.311-322. ⟨inria-00455303⟩

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