https://hal.inria.fr/inria-00455349Björklund, AndreasAndreasBjörklundDepartment of Computer Science [Lund] - Lund University [Lund]Exact Covers via DeterminantsHAL CCSD2010moderately exponential time algorithmsexact set coverk-dimensional matching[INFO.INFO-DS] Computer Science [cs]/Data Structures and Algorithms [cs.DS]Loria, PublicationsJean-Yves Marion and Thomas Schwentick2010-02-10 10:51:512010-02-10 11:26:112010-02-10 10:56:25enConference papersapplication/pdf1Given a k-uniform hypergraph on n vertices, partitioned in k equal parts such that every hyperedge includes one vertex from each part, the k-dimensional matching problem asks whether there is a disjoint collection of the hyperedges which covers all vertices. We show it can be solved by a randomized polynomial space algorithm in time O*(2^(n(k-2)/k)). The O*() notation hides factors polynomial in n and k. When we drop the partition constraint and permit arbitrary hyperedges of cardinality k, we obtain the exact cover by k-sets problem. We show it can be solved by a randomized polynomial space algorithm in time O*(c_k^n), where c_3=1.496, c_4=1.642, c_5=1.721, and provide a general bound for larger k. Both results substantially improve on the previous best algorithms for these problems, especially for small k, and follow from the new observation that Lovasz' perfect matching detection via determinants (1979) admits an embedding in the recently proposed inclusion-exclusion counting scheme for set covers, despite its inability to count the perfect matchings.