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Variance Estimation in the Central Limit Theorem for Markov chains

Abstract : This article concerns the variance estimation in the central limit theorem for finite recurrent Markov chains. The associated variance is calculated in terms of the transition matrix of the Markov chain. We prove the equivalence of different matrix forms representing this variance. The maximum likelihood estimator for this variance is constructed and it is proved that it is strongly consistent and asymptotically normal. The main part of our analysis consists in presenting closed matrix forms for this new variance. Additionally, we prove the asymptotic equivalence between the empirical and the MLE estimator for the stationary distribution.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 31, 2010 - 4:25:12 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 9:53:59 AM
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Samis Trevezas, Nikolaos Limnios. Variance Estimation in the Central Limit Theorem for Markov chains. Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference, 2009, 139 (7), pp.2242-2253. ⟨10.1016/j.jspi.2008.10.020⟩. ⟨inria-00468804⟩



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