Combining Physically-Based Simulation of Colliding Objects with Trajectory Control

Alexis Lamouret 1 Marie-Paule Cani 1, * Jean-Dominique Gascuel 1
* Corresponding author
1 iMAGIS - Models, Algorithms and Geometry for Computer Generated Image Graphics
GRAVIR - IMAG - Graphisme, Vision et Robotique, Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes
Abstract : This paper describes a method that facilitates the use of physically based models by animators. The main point is to give the animator a familiar interface, while providing a simulation module which detects collisions thus enhancing realism. The user gives a set of key-frames to guide motion, but does not have to address problems such as interpenetration avoidance, deformations due to collisions, or realism of motion. The simulator will correct the trajectories and compute deformations according to each object's physical properties (such as mass, inertia, stiffness) as well as the collisions and contacts automatically detected during motion. To achieve this, objects are provided with actuators capable of generating forces and torques computed via generalized Proportional-Derivative controllers. When deflected by external actions, actuated objects try to return to their initial path. Speed variations over time are computed during the simulation, and depend on the complexity of the paths, on the objects' models, and on the events such as collisions occurring during motion. In addition simulations are generated at interactive rates, even in the case of complex articulated objects. This facilitates the fine tuning of an animation sequence.
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Alexis Lamouret, Marie-Paule Cani, Jean-Dominique Gascuel. Combining Physically-Based Simulation of Colliding Objects with Trajectory Control. Journal of Visualization and Computer Animation, John Wiley & Sons, 1995, pp.21. ⟨inria-00509995⟩

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