Product Quantization for Nearest Neighbor Search

Hervé Jégou 1, * Matthijs Douze 2 Cordelia Schmid 2
* Corresponding author
1 TEXMEX - Multimedia content-based indexing
IRISA - Institut de Recherche en Informatique et Systèmes Aléatoires, Inria Rennes – Bretagne Atlantique
2 LEAR - Learning and recognition in vision
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, LJK - Laboratoire Jean Kuntzmann, INPG - Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble
Abstract : We propose an approximate nearest neighbor search method based on product quantization, which decomposes the space into a Cartesian product of low dimensional subspaces and quantizes each subspace separately. A vector is represented by a short code corresponding to the quantization index. The Euclidean distance between two vectors can be efficiently estimated from their codes. Our method has an advantageous asymmetric version, where an estimated distance is computed between a vector and a code. Our approach is used to search for nearest neighbors efficiently, in particular in combination with an inverted file system. Experiments performed on SIFT and GIST image descriptors show excellent search accuracy outperforming three state-of-the-art approaches. The scalability of our approach is validated on a dataset of two billion vectors.
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Journal articles
IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2011, 33 (1), pp.117-128. <10.1109/TPAMI.2010.57>
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Hervé Jégou, Matthijs Douze, Cordelia Schmid. Product Quantization for Nearest Neighbor Search. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2011, 33 (1), pp.117-128. <10.1109/TPAMI.2010.57>. <inria-00514462v2>

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