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Traveling plateaus for a hyperbolic Keller-Segel system with attraction and repulsion: existence and branching instabilities

Abstract : How can repulsive and attractive forces, acting on a conservative system, create stable traveling patterns or branching instabilities? We have proposed to study this question in the framework of the hyperbolic Keller-Segel system with logistic sensitivity. This is a model system motivated by experiments on cell communities auto-organization, a field which is also called socio-biology. We continue earlier modeling work, where we have shown numerically that branching patterns arise for this system and we have analyzed this instability by formal asymptotics for small diffusivity of the chemo-repellent. Here we are interested in the more general situation, where the diffusivities of both the chemo-attractant and the chemo-repellent are positive. To do so, we develop an appropriate functional analysis framework. We apply our method to two cases. Firstly we analyze steady states. Secondly we analyze traveling waves when neglecting the degradation coefficient of the chemo-repellent; the unique wave speed appears through a singularity cancelation which is the main theoretical difficulty. This shows that in different situations the cell density takes the shape of a plateau. The existence of steady states and traveling plateaus are a symptom of how rich the system is and why branching instabilities can occur. Numerical tests show that large plateaus may split into smaller ones, which remain stable.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 29, 2010 - 11:03:26 PM
Last modification on : Friday, February 4, 2022 - 3:12:42 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, December 30, 2010 - 2:57:21 AM

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  • HAL Id : inria-00522131, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1009.6090

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Benoît Perthame, Christian Schmeiser, Min Tang, Nicolas Vauchelet. Traveling plateaus for a hyperbolic Keller-Segel system with attraction and repulsion: existence and branching instabilities. [Research Report] 2010. ⟨inria-00522131⟩

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